Types Of Skin Malignancies:
- Melanoma the least common form of skin cancer, but responsible for more deaths per year than squamous cell and basal cell skin cancers combined. Melanoma is also more likely to spread and may be harder to control.
- Nonmelanoma malignancies:
- Squamous cell cancer the second-most common skin cancer. ItÃ¢s more aggressive and may require extensive surgery, depending on location and nerve involvement.
- Basal cell cancer the most common form of skin cancer. It is rarely fatal but can be locally aggressive.
These skin malignancies are typically caused by ultraviolet radiation from exposure to the sun and tanning beds.
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Get To Know Your Skin
The sooner a skin cancer is identified and treated, the better your chance of avoiding surgery or, in the case of a serious melanoma or other skin cancer, potential disfigurement or even death.
It is also a good idea to talk to your doctor about your level of risk and for advice on early detection.
It’s important to get to know your skin and what is normal for you, so that you notice any changes. Skin cancers rarely hurt and are much more frequently seen than felt.
Develop a regular habit of checking your skin for new spots and changes to existing freckles or moles.
Melanoma On The Scalp
Melanoma, also referred to as cutaneous melanoma and malignant melanoma, is a kind of skin cancer that starts in the melanocytes. Melanoma is less common than other kinds of skin cancer. Melanoma is more likely to spread to other areas of the body if it isnt diagnosed and treated in the early stages.
One of the most significant signs of melanoma is a new lesion on the skin or a lesion that changes shape, color, or size.
Another significant sign is a lesion that looks different from the other spots on the skin . You can use the ABCDE rule as a self-assessment help guide to look out for signs of melanoma:
- Asymmetry One half of the mole doesnt match the other half.
- Border The border or edges of the lesion are irregular, blurred, notched, or ragged.
- Color The color of the lesion may not be consistent and could include various shades or patches of black, brown, white, blue, pink, or red.
- Diameter The lesion is larger than 6 millimeters in diameter .
- Evolving The lesion changes color, size, or shape.
Some melanoma lesions may not fit the above-mentioned rules. Other signs that could indicate a problem include:
- A sore that doesnt heal
- A new swelling or redness away from the border of the lesion
- Spreading of pigment from the lesions border into the surrounding skin
- Change in skin sensation including tenderness, itchiness, or pain
- Any change in the moles surface such as oozing, bleeding, scaliness, or a bump or lump
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When Should I See My Healthcare Provider
Make an appointment to see your healthcare provider or dermatologist as soon as you notice:
- Any changes to your skin or changes in the size, shape or color of existing moles or other skin lesions.
- The appearance of a new growth on your skin.
- A sore that doesnt heal.
- Spots on your skin that are different from others.
- Any spots that change, itch or bleed.
Your provider will check your skin, take a biopsy , make a diagnosis and discuss treatment. Also, see your dermatologist annually for a full skin review.
Skin Cancer Rash: How To Assess Symptoms Similar To A Skin Rash Caused By Cancer
Whether caused by sunbathing or an allergic reaction, skin rashes may arise from a huge variety of conditions. However, certain rashes may indicate skin cancer, and being aware of potentially cancerous signs may help you get treatment quickly if needed.
In this article, well describe a few rashes to look out for and recommend when to seek medical attention. Helpful insights about skin cancer rash symptoms and types are provided below.
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Learn More About Stages Of Skin Cancer
All stages of skin cancer can be serious. Delaying treatment can cause unwanted complications, and in some cases, death. Fortunately, treatments with high success rates are now available and can help you restore your confidence, balance, and health. Contact Advanced Skin Canser and Dermatology Center in Wolcott, CT to schedule your consultation today. Well be happy to answer all your questions and recommend the best treatment options!
How Is Psoriasis Treated
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease. That means it cant be cured. It can, however, be treated to reduce symptoms.
Psoriasis treatments fall into three basic categories. Your doctor may recommend only one of these types of treatments, or they may suggest a combination. The type of treatment you use largely depends on the severity of the psoriasis.
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Why Does Skin Cancer Occur In More Non
Scientists dont fully know why people of skin with color develop cancer in non-sun-exposed areas, such as their hands and feet. They think that the sun is less of a factor though. However, dermatologists still see plenty of UV sunlight-induced melanomas and squamous cell skin cancer in people of color, in skin tones ranging from fair to very dark.
Looking For Signs Of Skin Cancer
Non melanoma skin cancers tend to develop most often on skin that’s exposed to the sun.
To spot skin cancers early it helps to know how your skin normally looks. That way, you’ll notice any changes more easily.
To look at areas you cant see easily, you could try using a hand held mirror and reflect your skin onto another mirror. Or you could get your partner or a friend to look. This is very important if you’re regularly outside in the sun for work or leisure.
You can take a photo of anything that doesn’t look quite right. If you can it’s a good idea to put a ruler or tape measure next to the abnormal area when you take the photo. This gives you a more accurate idea about its size and can help you tell if it’s changing. You can then show these pictures to your doctor.
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What Are The Types Of Skin Cancer
There are 3 main types of skin cancer:
Basal cell carcinoma. The majority of skin cancers are basal cell carcinoma. Its a very treatable cancer. It starts in the basal cell layer of the skin and grows very slowly. The cancer usually appears as a small, shiny bump or nodule on the skin. It occurs mainly on areas exposed to the sun, such as the head, neck, arms, hands, and face. It more often occurs among people with light-colored eyes, hair, and skin.
Squamous cell carcinoma. This cancer is less common. It grows faster than basal cell carcinoma, but its also very treatable. Squamous cell carcinoma may appear as nodules or red, scaly patches of skin, and may be found on the face, ears, lips, and mouth. It can spread to other parts of the body, but this is rare. This type of skin cancer is most often found in people with light skin.
Melanoma. This type of skin cancer is a small portion of all skin cancers, but it causes the most deaths. It starts in the melanocyte cells that make pigment in the skin. It may begin as a mole that turns into cancer. This cancer may spread quickly. Melanoma most often appears on fair-skinned people, but is found in people of all skin types.
Basal Cell And Squamous Cell Carcinomasigns And Symptoms
The most common warning sign of skin cancer is a change on the skin, especially a new growth or a sore that doesnÃ¢t heal. The cancer may start as a small, smooth, shiny, pale or waxy lump. It also may appear as a firm red lump. Sometimes, the lump bleeds or develops a crust.
Both basal and squamous cell cancers are found mainly on areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun the head, face, neck, hands and arms. But skin cancer can occur anywhere.
An early warning sign of skin cancer is the development of an actinic keratosis, a precancerous skin lesion caused by chronic sun exposure. These lesions are typically pink or red in color and rough or scaly to the touch. They occur on sun-exposed areas of the skin such as the face, scalp, ears, backs of hands or forearms.
Actinic keratoses may start as small, red, flat spots but grow larger and become scaly or thick, if untreated. Sometimes theyÃ¢re easier to feel than to see. There may be multiple lesions next to each other.
Early treatment of actinic keratoses may prevent them from developing into cancer. These precancerous lesions affect more than 10 million Americans. People with one actinic keratosis usually develop more. Up to 1 percent of these lesions can develop into a squamous cell cancer.
Basal cell carcinoma is the most commonly diagnosed skin cancer. In recent years, there has been an upturn in the diagnoses among young women and the rise is blamed on sunbathing and tanning salons.
- Raised, dull-red skin lesion
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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that can show up on the skin in many ways. Also known as BCC, this skin cancer tends to grow slowly and can be mistaken for a harmless pimple, scar, or sore.
Common signs and symptoms of basal cell carcinoma
This skin cancer often develops on the head or neck and looks like a shiny, raised, and round growth.
To help you spot BCC before it grows deep into your skin, dermatologists share these 7 warning signs that could be easily missed.
If you find any of the following signs on your skin, see a board-certified dermatologist.
The Ugly Duckling Sign
The “ugly duckling sign” is another warning method to help identify melanomas. Usually, moles on your body look quite similar to each other. However, compared to other moles, melanomas tend to stand out like an ugly duckling. The more you check your skin and become familiar with it, the easier it becomes to spot an ugly duckling early.
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How Is Skin Cancer Diagnosed In A Child
The healthcare provider will examine your child’s skin. Tell the healthcare provider:
When you first noticed the skin problem
If it oozes fluid or bleeds, or gets crusty
If its changed in size, color, or shape
If your child has pain or itching
Tell the healthcare provider if your child has had skin cancer in the past, and if other your family members have had skin cancer.
Your child’s healthcare provider will likely take a small piece of tissue from a mole or other skin mark that may look like cancer. The tissue is sent to a lab. A doctor called a pathologist looks at the tissue under a microscope. He or she may do other tests to see if cancer cells are in the sample. The biopsy results will likely be ready in a few days or a week. Your child’s healthcare provider will tell you the results. He or she will talk with you about other tests that may be needed if cancer is found.
Signs And Symptoms Of Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that develops as the result of an overactive immune system. Normally, T-cells in the immune system function by attacking bacteria and viruses that lead to infection and harm the body. If you have psoriasis, T-cells mistakenly begin attacking healthy skin cells. This causes the life cycle of skin cell production to speed up and generate a surplus of new skin cells in a matter of days. The new cells build up on the surface of skin and form thick patches and scales that can be itchy, painful, or burning.
The most common symptom is the appearance of well-defined, raised red patches of skin covered with silvery scales. These thick skin lesions typically appear on knees, elbows, scalp, trunk, buttocks, and nails. However, the disorder can affect any area of skin on the body, including the genital region.
Under the broad name psoriasis, there are many different types:
- Plaque psoriasis is the most well-known form the skin condition takes. It is characterized by thick, raised red plaques that develop on the scalp, elbows, knees, and/or trunk. The plaques are often covered by dry, itchy silver-white scales.
- Nail psoriasis causes changes to the nails. Both fingernails and toenails can develop pitting, discolorations, and crumbling. Due to the build-up of skin cells under the nail, one or more nails can lift and become detached.
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Could It Be Skin Cancer
Did you know that Skin Cancer is the most common type of cancer? While it can occur at any age, the risk for skin cancer increases as you age. It is caused by a variety of factors including sun exposure and genetics. You are also at increased risk if you are Caucasian, have had multiple sunburns during your lifetime, have more than 50 moles, have light colored hair, have blue or green eyes, have a family history of skin cancer, use tanning beds, spend a lot of time working or playing outdoors, have had radiation, chemo, organ transplant or are immune compromised.
Tools That Can Help You Find Melanoma On Your Skin
To help you find melanoma early, the American Academy of Dermatology developed the following:
Melanoma can look different on a childs skin. Taking this short quiz can help you hone your skills at finding childhood melanoma.
ImagesImages 1,3,4,5,6,7,8,10: Images used with permission of the American Academy of Dermatology National Library of Dermatologic Teaching Slides.
Image 2: Developed by the American Academy of Dermatology
Image 9: Used with permission of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
ReferencesBarnhill RL, Mihm MC, et al. Malignant melanoma. In: Nouri K, et al. Skin Cancer. McGraw Hill Medical, China, 2008: 140-167.
Gloster HM Jr, Neal K. Skin cancer in skin of color. J Am Acad Dermatol 2006 55:741-60.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN guidelines for patients: Melanoma. 2018. Last accessed February 12, 2019.
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How Are Moles Evaluated
If you find a mole or spot that has any ABCDE’s of melanoma — or one that’s tender, itching, oozing, scaly, doesn’t heal or has redness or swelling beyond the mole — see a doctor. Your doctor may want to remove a tissue sample from the mole and biopsy it. If found to be cancerous, the entire mole and a rim of normal skin around it will be removed and the wound stitched closed. Additional treatment may be needed.
What Causes Skin Cancer In A Child
Exposure to sunlight is the main factor for skin cancer. Skin cancer is more common in people with light skin, light-colored eyes, and blond or red hair. Other risk factors include:
Age. Your risk goes up as you get older.
Family history of skin cancer
Having skin cancer in the past
Time spent in the sun
Using tanning beds or lamps
History of sunburns
Having atypical moles . These large, oddly shaped moles run in families.
Radiation therapy in the past
Taking a medicine that suppresses the immune system
Certain rare, inherited conditions such as basal cell nevus syndrome or xeroderma pigmentosum
Actinic keratoses or Bowen disease. These are rough or scaly red or brown patches on the skin.
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Take A Look In The Mirror
You see your skin every day and so you can look for changes too be sure to contact your dermatology provider if you have a spot that you are worried about. We would always rather take a look at it and evaluate if it is safe or not than to let something go untreated.
Here are some things that you can look for:
Actinic Keratoses Actinic Keratoses are frequently called pre-cancers. They often times look like a dry scaly pink area that just wont go away despite moisturizing or keeps reoccurring in the same area. Aks occur most often in sun-exposed areas, especially on the face, scalp, and arms. Sometimes they are tender, sensitive, sore or bleed but often they are asymptomatic. When found early, Aks can usually be easily treated with liquid nitrogen. If untreated Actinic Keratoses have the potential to grow into a skin cancer. You should contact your dermatology provider for evaluation if you have a dry scaly pink area that lasts longer than 4-6 weeks.
Early Signs Of Skin Cancer
Skin cancer signs may not seem alarming initially. Unfortunately, if you ignore changes in your skin, you may put your health at risk. The dermatologists at Southeast Dermatology regularly diagnose and treat skin cancer in their Houston and Pasadena, TX, offices.
Can I ignore that spot?
Pimples, insect bites, rashes and other minor skin conditions are often, but not always, responsible for spots on your skin. If a new spot doesn’t begin to fade after a few weeks, or you notice a change in a mole, it’s time to schedule an appointment with your Pasadena or Southeast Houston skin doctor. If you do happen to have skin cancer, you may notice these changes:
Prompt treatment of skin cancer can help you protect your health. If you notice any of these signs and symptoms, schedule an appointment with the dermatologists at Southeast Dermatology by calling 991-5944 for the Pasadena, TX office or 481-0033 for the Houston, TX office.
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