How Are Milia Treated
Milia dont need treatment because theyre not harmful. If you dont like how milia look on your skin, talk to your healthcare provider about removing them. Treatment to remove milia could include:
- Application of over-the-counter adapalene gel or prescription tretinoin cream.
- Surgically removing the milia in your healthcare providers office by using a needle to puncture the milia and squeezing out the contents.
- Cryotherapy to freeze the milia on your skin to remove them.
- Using medicated creams or the antibiotic minocycline to treat milia en plaque.
Its Not Your Typical Acne
Lindsay Tigar is a freelance travel and lifestyle journalist for Real Simple and the owner of Tigar Types, LLC., a digital content agency. She’s been a writer and editor for more than 10 years and covered a plethora of topicsfrom love and marriage to fitness, wellness, psychology, and entrepreneurism. You can find her work in such publications as National Geographic, Travel + Leisure, Vogue, Fast Company, CNN, and many more.
If youre following your dermatologists advice, you should be giving yourself regular skin checks. This allows us to notice small or significant coloring changes, texture, and other characteristics of our bodys largest organ, i.e. our skin. Though many people are on the lookout for the first indications of cancer, you may also notice other bumps along the way. Enter: milia face bumps, a pesky skin condition that is not exactly acne and much more common than you might think. We spoke with a board-certified dermatologist to better understand the signs and, more importantly, the treatments.
How Can You Get Rid Of Milia
Like acne, milia can be eradicated in a number of different ways, including with chemical peels, topical retinoids, and skin-care products like toners containing exfoliating alpha hydroxy acids or cleansers with salicylic acid Dr. Farber is a big fan of La Roche-Posay Effaclar acne cleanser.
“These topicals help minimize their occurrence, and when you have them, it preps them for removal,” Dr. Fromowitz says. Though, technically, you can try to use a comedone extractor after softening the bump with a warm-water compress first, he says, the best plan of action for milia removal would be to visit your dermatologist. “If not done carefully, you can bruise or injure the skin. You could also fail to remove the lesion and even develop an infection.”
A dermatologist can de-roof the milia with a sterile needle or scalpel or with a laser treatment, which Dr. Shah says is done with an electrically heated needle.
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What Are These White Spots On My Face
We spend considerable time and attention on our faces. The skin on the face is some of the most dynamic and active skin on our body. In dermatology, one of the most common skin problems, or complaints on the face is small white spots on the skin. Though there are many different types of growths that can develop on facial skin. Two types of growths are the most common skin spots which will appear as small white bumps.
Why Do I Have Them
Unlike your zits, whiteheads and blackheads, milia are not caused by hormones and blocked pores. Many people will develop milia at some point, according to Dr. Thompson.
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Tinea Versicolor Or Pityriasis Versicolor
In people with tinea versicolor , the fungus that usually lives on the skins surface grows out of control.
The fungus causes dry, scaly, itchy patches that are either lighter or darker than surrounding skin. These patches usually grow fairly slowly and often cluster together.
Sometimes, symptoms of TV may only be noticeable when a person has a suntan. The condition is widespread, and symptoms tend to become more noticeable in warm, humid environments.
How Are Milia Diagnosed
Your provider can diagnose milia after a physical exam to learn more about your symptoms. A visual exam of the cysts on your skin leads to an accurate diagnosis and tests arent usually necessary, especially among newborns. If your provider needs to further examine your skin, they may request a skin biopsy. For this test, your provider will remove a small piece of your skin to examine it under a microscope.
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Why Do They Appear
While Dr. Marchbein says milia can, in fact, pop up without rhyme or reason, she does note that they’re more commonly found in conjunction with certain skin conditions such as rosacea and dandruff, or when skin-care and makeup products clog pores and cause buildup.
Dr. Shah also explains milia can occur when keratin gets trapped under the surface of the skin when there’s skin trauma , or after the use of certain topical medications. Other than that, milia are just one big, annoying enigma.
Milia Treatment At Home
There are a few things you can do at home to encourage milia to go away and to avoid developing more of them.
Try using an exfoliating cleanser that contains salicylic acid, citric acid or glycolic acid once a week or more.
At-home chemical peels that contain salicylic acid or glycolic acid can also be helpful, but ask your dermatologist for advice on the best product to use. If you use one thats too harsh for your skin, you could develop irritation or secondary milia.
Applying a prescription retinoid or over-the-counter retinol product once a day can help treat and prevent milia by speeding up cell turnover.
Finally, dont forget to use sunscreen to protect your skin from burns and other sun damage that can lead to secondary milia.
Article Written By: Jessica Brown, a health and science writer/editor based in Nanuet, New York. She has written for Prevention magazine, jnj.com, BCRF.org, and many other outlets.
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How Milia Are Diagnosed
Healthcare providers can often diagnose milia based on how they look. But there are other causes of small, white skin bumps. If the cause isn’t clear, a dermatologist can remove a cyst and look at it under a microscope. This can help with diagnosis.
Basal cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer, can also look like a pearly white bump. If you have a bump that does not go away and you aren’t sure what it is, call your healthcare provider.
What Are The Treatment Options For Milia
It can be tempting to try popping milia like pimples, but home extraction is never recommended for pimples or milia. In fact, you arent likely to be very successful if you try popping milia. Instead, there are some home care techniques and professional treatments available to safely and effectively remove milia cysts.
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What Do Milia Look Like
Have you ever seen small white bumps on your face, particularly on your upper cheeks or around your eyes? Chances are its milia . Theyre painless small white cysts that dont feel itchy or irritated unless they are picked or aggravated. Milia typically appear in clusters, feel hard, and are usually easy to identify.
Can Milia Be Prevented
Its unlikely that you can prevent milia altogether, but you can take some steps to significantly diminish your risk, including:
- Clean skin Make sure you gently cleanse the skin twice a day and completely dry the skin after cleansing to prevent drying out.
- Exfoliate Two or three times a week, you should exfoliate the skin to prevent the buildup of dry skin cells that may become trapped, forming milia.
- Retinol Use a small amount of retinol every other day to create healthy cell turnover and minimize risk for milia.
- Steam This removes irritants from the skin and helps to keep pores open, preventing milia development. There are steaming devices available for purchase, or you can create steam by running a warm bath or shower and sitting in the steam. To steam your face, its often just as effective to simply fill a bowl with very hot water. Then, position your face a few inches over the bowl and place a towel over your head and the warm water to trap steam against the skin.
- Sun protection Its no surprise that dermatologists recommend keeping skin safe from sun damage for all patients, but this can be especially important for individuals who are prone to developing milia. Sun-damaged skin is often at risk for secondary milia production. Choose a good quality, lightweight sunscreen or sunblock with an SPF of 30 or higher, and apply this sunscreen before sun exposure.
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What Home Remedies Are There For Milia
Once you already have milia, there are a few things you can try at home to help them to disappear.
- Exfoliate regularly to remove the dead skin cells
- Wash your face with soap daily
- Steam open the pores over a hot bath or shower
If you are prone to milia forming then you could try the following easy tips and assess whether it makes a difference:
- Avoid regular strong sun exposure
- Avoid oil-based skincare products
Further to this, there are skincare products with ingredients which are known to trigger the formation of milia. If you are keen to avoid milia, or would like to reduce the appearance of milia which you already have, you could try to steer clear of skincare containing:
- Liquid paraffin
Get Rid Of Milia: Treatments Options
Milia often go away on their own within a few months, but sometimes they can persist for years. They are harmless, but if they bother you, seek professional help. Your dermatologist knows how to get rid of milia.
People sometimes try to remove milia themselves by popping them as they would pimples, said Dr. Schiff. But milia have a very hard texture, and you cant get rid of them without making an incision in the skin. Trying to pop a milium can lead to scarring.
Another benefit of seeing a dermatologist: He or she can confirm that the cysts are milia and not something else, such as basal cell carcinoma, which can appear as white, pearly bumps.
Keep in mind that even most professional milia removal treatments carry some risk of scarring, so its important to weigh the risks and benefits with your dermatologist before proceeding. Here are the techniques a dermatologist may use.
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What Can I Expect If I Have Milia
For newborns, milia are very common and affect nearly half of all babies. The bumps on your babys skin are harmless and will go away on their own after a few weeks.
If you have milia and the bumps on your skin arent clearing up on their own, talk to your healthcare provider. They might suggest you visit a dermatologist or try new exfoliating techniques to help milia go away faster.
Some types of milia can last longer than a few weeks to months. Dont try to pick at the bumps on your skin or try to squeeze them. This can lead to permanent scarring or an infection.
How To Prevent Milia
It is not possible to completely prevent milia. There are steps you can take to reduce the chance of milia developing on the skin. This includes:
- Washing your face every day
- Not using oils or lotions meant for an adult on a baby, since infant skin is sensitive
- Avoiding spending many hours in the sun
- Using sunscreen with at least SPF 30 when you spend time outside
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How Long Does It Take For White Spots On Your Face To Go Away
In most cases, white spots on the skin do not require medical treatment and they go away on their own. However, the time taken to treat them entirely depends on what causes them, their severity. Its best to consult your doctor to determine the best treatment.
White spots on the skin may occur when skin proteins get trapped under the skins surface, develop as a result of depigmentation, or due to the loss of skin color, and a variety of health conditions. They are usually harmless and can be treated easil at home. However, its important that you get them checked by a dermatologist to find out the exact cause and best ways to treat them.
Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, or SCC, may appear as a crusty or scaly bump or lumpy area of skin. Bumps typically develop on areas that have the most sun exposure, such as the face, hands, or legs. They can be painful and sensitive.
Types of cutaneous SCC include:
- verrucous carcinoma, which a wart-like lump that grows on the bottom of the foot
- cutaneous horn, which is a lesion with a cone shape
- keratoacanthoma, which is a tumor that may resolve itself without treatment
- , which is an uncommon tumor that grows from scars or ulcers
If a person thinks they may have a cancerous skin bump, they should see a doctor.
Treatment for skin cancer can
There are many causes of a raised skin bump. Other causes include:
Treatment will ultimately depend on the cause. Some skin bumps, such as skin tags and keratosis pilaris, do not require medical treatment.
Others may require surgery or excision.
A person should see a doctor or dermatologist to discuss potential treatment options.
With most types of skin bump, it is not necessary to call a doctor. However, if a person has concerns about a bump, they should seek medical attention.
It is possible to mistake more severe conditions such as skin cancer for mild acne.
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When To See A Healthcare Professional About Rashes
If you dont already have a physician, you can use the Healthline FindCare tool to find a professional near you.
Go to the hospital immediately if you experience a rash along with any of the following symptoms:
- increasing pain or discoloration in the rash area
- tightness or itchiness in the throat
- difficulty breathing
- swelling of the face or limbs
- fever of 100.4°F or higher
- severe head or neck pain
- repeated vomiting or diarrhea
Your healthcare professional may also:
- take your temperature
- order tests, such as an allergy test or complete blood count
- perform a skin biopsy, which involves taking a small sample of skin tissue for analysis
- refer you to a specialist, such as a dermatologist, for further evaluation
Your healthcare professional may also prescribe medication or medicated lotion to relieve your rash. Most people can treat their rashes effectively with medical treatments and home care.
Follow these tips if you have a rash:
- Use home remedies to soothe mild contact rashes.
- Identify potential triggers for the rash and avoid them as much as possible.
- Carefully follow any treatments your doctor prescribes. Speak with a healthcare professional if your rash persists or gets worse despite treatment.
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How Can You Treat Milia
First and foremost, its crucial that you dont try to squeeze your milia as you might try to with a zit. Milia are hard, so theres nothing to squeeze, and it could potentially leave your skin permanently scarred. You can also put yourself at risk of an infection and, given that milia cause no pain or irritation, its just not worth it! Milia usually disappear on their own.
If you find that your milia are taking longer than a few months to go away and it bothers you on a cosmetic level, then there are treatments available to remove them. These treatments include:
- Cryotherapy: Each milium is frozen using liquid nitrogen, and disappears a few days later. You will likely experience some temporary blistering or swelling as a result of the liquid nitrogen.
- Minicycline: An antibiotic taken orally which is particularly beneficial for milia en plaque.
- Curettage: The milia are removed once your skin has been numbed, followed by a doctor using a hot wire to re-seal the skin.
- De-roofing: Again, this is performed by a doctor and involves the use of a needle or blade to remove the milia safely and effectively.
- Exfoliating treatments: If these contain salicylic acid, alpha hydroxyl acid or a retinoid such as adapalene, they can help to remove your skins dead cells and cause the tiny white bumps to disappear more quickly.
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Can I Remove Milia At Home
You shouldnt try to squeeze or scrape off milia on your own, as you might do with a pimple. This can scar your skin or cause an infection. There are things you can do at home that can help:
- Wash your face every day with warm water and gentle soap. Then dry your skin very gently. Pat your skin dry.
- Dont use lotions or oils that are meant for adults on a baby. Infant skin is too delicate.
- Adults might try an over-the-counter treatment to exfoliate their skin.
- Use sunscreen when you go outdoors.
How To Get Rid Of Milia
Milia often resolve on their own and there is no medical reason to treat milia. Don’t try to extract them at home, but you can help speed up their disappearance.
One recommended at-home regimen for clearing up milia is to give yourself an at-home facial. Start by washing your face with a gentle soap. Rinse well then pat your face dry. Next, steam your face for 5 to 8 minutes then rinse with lukewarm water.
Exfoliating can also help milia resolve. Keep in mind that exfoliating can be harsh on delicate facial skin and should not be done too often. Try exfoliating once a week with a product that contains citric acid, glycolic acid, or salicylic acid.
If these at-home milia treatments do not work or you want faster results, see a dermatologist. Topical retinoids are also commonly prescribed to treat these white bumps. In addition, a dermatologist may be able to manually extract milia using special tools.
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