White Spots On Skin Fungus
Fungal infection or yeast attack on the surface of the skin can result in creamy patches or spots. Tinea versicolor is an example of yeast infection that is characterized by dry or scaly itchy skin with white patches or dots.
Athletes foot is also a fungal infection that can affect the lower feet and lead to either white or red spots. Ringworms are large patches of yeast infection that commonly appear on the scalp on young children. These marks can also show up on other parts of your body.
Generally, the growth of fungus on the skin is encouraged by the wet environment, poor body hygiene, use of oily cosmetic products and weakened body immune system.
What To Expect When You See A Dermatologist For Light Spots
Your dermatologists first priority is to find the cause. To give you an accurate diagnosis, your dermatologist will look closely at the light area and ask questions.
Before your first dermatology appointment, make sure you know the names of your medications.
Some medications can lighten your skin, so your dermatologist will ask you about medications you take or apply to your skin. Be sure to tell your dermatologist about treatment that you buy without a prescription like acne gels and ointments.
Once your dermatologist knows why you have a light area, your dermatologist will tell you whats recommended. Often, your natural skin color will return on its own. If you have a skin condition, your dermatologist can create a treatment plan for you.
You can locate a dermatologist in your area by going to Find a dermatologist.
To see if there is a dermatologist in your area who focuses on people who have skin of color:
Click on Any Practice Focus.
Select Skin of color.
ImagesImage 1: Used with permission of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
White Spots On Skin From Sun Exposure: Causes Treatments & Prevention
December 4, 2019 By Lauren Sharkey
- Excessive sun exposure can create white spots on various areas of the body.
- While ultraviolet radiation is typically believed to be responsible for these spots, their exact cause is unknown.
- These spots are not dangerous and do not require treatment, however some may wish to reduce their appearance for aesthetic reasons.
- Proper sun protection can help reduce UV damage, which may prevent these spots from forming.
White sunspots, or iIdiopathic guttate hypomelanosis are a form of hypopigmentation, a condition that occurs due to a lack of melanin in an area of skin. While there are several theories as to why IGH occurs, spots on skin from the sun is widely believed to be due to this decline in melanin production.
There are several treatments available that may reduce the appearance of white spots, however fully erasing these spots can be difficult, particularly when using at-home treatments alone.
Read Also: How Many People Survive Skin Cancer
How To Get Rid Of White Spots On Skin
White marks on the skin can be removed by different treatment method based on how the condition appears. Harmless white dots or patches on the skin such as from yeast infection, vitiligo and poor nutrition can be removed by home remedies.
For the case of serious skin problems such as skin cancer, Pityriasis Alba, and chronic sun damage, medical treatment is the best alternative you can go for. It is advisable to seek medical help in case white spots on your skin are becoming bothersome.
Diagnosis And Tests For White Spots On Skin
Your doctor will diagnose your skin after discussing your personal and family medical history and examining your skin.
Sometimes your doctor may want to do a biopsy of the area. This involves removing a sample of skin to study your skin cells. A doctor may look for a decrease in the amount of skin cells called melanocytes. However, this procedure is usually unnecessary.
Your doctor may also ask for your symptoms to rule out other skin conditions like a fungal infection or an autoimmune condition.
Recommended Reading: What Does Invasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma Mean
Treatment For White Spots On Skin
When white marks on your skin refuse to fade away and keep on frustrating you, it is important to visit your doctor for medical treatment. After going to the medical center, your doctor will decide the diagnosis plan for you.
The following are possible treatment method that your doctor might use to get rid of white marks on your skin:
- Nutrients injections into the blood that can help to stimulate melanocytes to produce enough melanin that can help to restore skin tone to normal
- Laser method that uses beam of electron or strong light waves as a therapy for cancerous cell that causes white dots on skin
- Prescription of oral drugs and skin care creams that can help to heal white spots or patches on the skin
- Surgical procedures like Dermabrasion and microdermabrasion to remove upper skin layer that has white spots and patches
- Chemical peels to remove the affected skin layer with white spots
Professional Treatments For White Sunspots
White sunspot treatments carried out by a professional use more potent solutions that tend to have a greater impact on IGH by treating deeper layers of skin than OTC methods.
While full repigmentation is still unlikely, the various tools and procedures utilized in these treatmentsincluding lasers, dermabrasion, chemical peels and cryotherapycan improve the localized lack of melanin that causes white sunspots.
When To See The Doctor For White Spots On Skin
Most of the time, small white spots on the skin are caused by improper sun protection and are considered harmless. However, sometimes the spots may look like other skin conditions, and if so, it may be necessary to see your doctor.
You should see your doctor if the white spots on your skin:
- Provide discomfort
- Look like flaky patches that ooze or weep
- Make you feel upset or distressed about your appearance
People who have one autoimmune disease are at risk of developing another. You should talk to your doctor if you have an autoimmune disorder to rule out the development of an autoimmune skin condition like vitiligo or eczema.
People with allergies or asthma may be at risk for developing eczema, which causes dry, itchy, white patches of skin. If you have allergies or asthma and you develop these symptoms, you should see your doctor.
Home Remedies For White Patches:
Once you have been to a dermatologist, he/she will put you on a medication that is based on your skin condition. However, there are certain home remedies that you must keep in mind when taking medication for your skin condition. Here are some home remedies for treating white patches.
Note: All of the home remedies will benefit you, but you also need to consult a dermatologist regarding the degree of the vitiligo condition and based on which you can ask him/her regarding consuming all of the above.
Recommended Reading: How Much Does Skin Cancer Removal Cost
How To Protect Your Skin From The Sun
You cant shy away from the sun forever.
The suns rays go through the windows of our cars, our offices and our homes, so youre never spared the effects of the sun, notes Dr. Poblete-Lopez.
But you should avoid the sun during peak hours between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. If youre unable to do that, there are a few other things you can do, like:
Facts About White Patches:
People suffering from this condition may feel bad about how they carry themselves in public, as they might feel a lot more depressed about their looks. So, now that you know what white patches are, let us understand some important facts that surround this skin condition.
- This skin condition is not contagious
- Your child may also end up suffering from this skin condition if one or even both parents are suffering from this condition.
- This skin condition can lead to thyroid disorders.
- This skin condition is often mistaken for leprosy by many.
- It can happen to anyone at any age but most cases are reported to be before the age group of 20 years.
- Treatment for this skin condition only aims at stopping the depigmentation of the skin and help your skin regain its colour.
- Stress is said to be one of the main reasons for this skin condition.
Note: If you spot any sort of white patch on your skin, it is strictly advised that you consult a doctor at the earliest. This will at least prevent the disease from growing and promote repigmentation of discoloured skin.
Recommended Reading: How To Know Skin Cancer
How Are Dry Skin Patches Diagnosed
If you have dry patches of skin, your doctor will probably conduct an exam and ask about your medical and family history.
Theyll likely refer you to a dermatologist. A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in skin issues.
Depending on the possible condition, you might need lab tests or skin biopsies.
You may be able to help prevent dry, itchy skin by doing the following:
- Use moisturizers every day to keep skin hydrated.
- Limit baths and showers to no more than one a day.
- Limit the time you spend bathing.
- Avoid hot baths or showers. Instead, take showers and baths in warm or lukewarm water
- Use a humidifier to add moisture to the air in your home.
- Use moisturizing body and hand soap.
- Cover up your skin, especially in cold or sunny weather.
- Avoid itching or rubbing your dry skin.
- Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day.
Symptoms Of White Patches:
White patches can bring down your self-confidence and as a result, you will have to take medical treatment if you spot any white patch on your skin. This patchy skin loss can be seen in the areas that are exposed to sunlight. These areas can be on hands, feet, arms, lips and face. So, how do you know if you are suffering from vitiligo?. Here are some of the symptoms of skin discolouration that you need to keep in mind.
- Greying of hair on your scalp, eyebrows and beard.
- Loss of natural skin tone.
- Colour loss inside your mouth and nose.
- Change in the layer colour of the retina.
However, there are many ways in which skin discolouration can affect the body. In terms of its appearance, skin discolouration can appear in many parts of your body such as:
You May Like: How Does Skin Cancer Look At The Beginning
When To See A Healthcare Provider
Determining whether the red spots on your skin will require a visit to your provider will depend on the appearance and severity of the rash, your medical history, and any underlying conditions you have.
In general, red flag symptoms along with red spots on your skin include:
- Severe pain or swelling
- Pus oozing from the rash
If you have red spots on your skin and “red flag symptoms,” seek medical care right away.
Peeling From Sun Exposure
It is typical for people with lighter or olive skin to get tanned after spending a day at the beach or pool, but with excessive sun exposure, skin can peel a few days later. Skin that has peeled can cause small white patches to appear, especially on the arms, chest and back.
What to do: It is important to moisturize your skin daily, and to always apply sunscreen before going into the sun. Skin that is thinner or more sensitive has a higher risk of being sunburnt. Ideally, you should moisturize your skin thoroughly for about 10 days before a day in the sun. Foods that are high in vitamin A can also help to prevent sunburns. The more hydrated the skin is, the lower the risk of peeling and developing blemishes.
Read Also: How Serious Is Melanoma Cancer
Signs And Symptoms Of White Spots On Skin
White spots or patches on the skin surface are medically known as hypopigmentation. Generally, white spots, dots or marks on the skin can appear when the affected area of the skin loses its normal pigment. This condition can also be described as skin discoloration.
White spots or patches on the skin have the following signs and symptoms that include:
- Small or tiny white, pink or red dots on the skin
- Irregular flat white patches on the skin
- Bumpy skin with small raised white dots
- Scaly or dry flaky skin and sometimes leathery
- Itchy white marks, bumps or rashes like pimples
- Soft, yellow bumps or blisters
- Hard painless whitish bumps on the skin
Is It Vitiligo Or Something Else
Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease that causes your skin to lose color, often resulting in white patches on your skin that cover both sides of your body.
Pityriasis alba is a common skin disorder that causes areas of light-colored skin. The spots often start as slightly red, scaly patches on the face, upper arms, neck, and upper middle section of the body.
Tinea versicolor is caused by a fungal infection and leads to patches of discolored skin with a fine, dry, scaly surface.
Hansen’s disease is a bacterial infection that can also cause discolored patches of skin. Usually these patches are flat, look faded, and may even feel numb.
Scleroderma is a rare but serious autoimmune disease that causes parts of the skin to harden. Often those areas can appear shiny. It can also create problems with connective tissue beneath the skin, harming blood vessels and internal organs.
Addison disease happens when the body doesn’t produce enough cortisol, a hormone that regulates stress. One symptom of the disease is darkening of the skin in places like scars, skin folds, elbows, knees, and knuckles.
Talk to your health care provider if you think you might have vitiligo or another skin condition.
Read Also: Best Body Lotion For Dry Sensitive Skin
Home Remedies For White Sunspots
Several natural treatments purportedly address IGH by using common ingredients such as:
While some anecdotal evidence supports their use, there is no scientific proof that any natural home remedies can effectively fade white spots. If you choose to apply a natural treatment, it is important to exert a degree of caution. While most are safe, some can cause skin irritation and disrupt your skins natural pH balance.
When To Consult A Doctor
The first sign that you will have to take seriously is when you spot a white spot on any part of your body. Do not avoid the fact that it might just be a rash. Make it a point to visit a dermatologist as soon as possible, if not you may be inviting trouble. Here are some signs pertaining to vitiligo in which you will have to consult a doctor.
- When certain areas of your skin, hair or eyes are losing its original colour.
Also, you need to keep in mind that vitiligo has no sort of cure but the treatment is aimed at stopping the spreading of these white patches.
Read Also: Is Basal Skin Cancer Dangerous
When To Call The Healthcare Provider
There are other reasons you may have white bumps on your skin. Although they aren’t as common as the aforementioned blemishes, they can be more serious.
See your regular healthcare provider and/or a dermatologist if the bump:
- Appeared very quickly
- Are covering a large area of your skin
- Are spreading or getting larger
- Itch, bleed, or cause pain
- Have been there for a long time and are not getting any better
Also see your healthcare provider if:
- You’re not certain what the bumps are
- You know what the bumps are, but you just need help treating them
Once you know exactly what’s causing the white bumps on your skin, you can begin treating them appropriately.
Ways To Prevent White Patches:
Well, if you have spotted a white patch on your body, then firstly you will have to consult a dermatologist and understand your skin condition. But there are some ways in which you can stop these white patches from spreading to other parts of your body. All you need to do is to follow these below-listed points and you can stay safe from white patches.
- Do not stress out much and try relaxing when you encounter a stressful moment.
- Do not use bathing soaps that drain all of your body oil
- Bathe every day for a minimum of 20 minutes.
- Stand in the early morning sun for 15 to 20 minutes
- Do not use creams or cosmetics that you are allergic to.
- Add foods that are rich in iron such as meat, cereals, beans and leafy vegetables.
- Avoid excessive consumption of seafood.
- You will have to put a stop to all salt and sodium-based foods, if in case you are undergoing treatment for leucoderma.
Note: The above-listed tips can be followed, provided you are going through a skin treatment for white patches as prescribed by a dermatologist.
Don’t Miss: How Is Skin Cancer On The Nose Treated