Signs Of Bowens Disease
The signs of Bowens disease include:
- Flat, scaly, red and slightly raised patches appear and persist for months to years.
- A single patch or a number of patches may be present.
- The edges of each patch are irregular, but distinct from the surrounding skin.
- Each patch grows very slowly.
- Bowens is asymptomatic and therefore is easily overlooked.
- Bowens can affect any part of the body, but commonly occurs on the lower leg.
- Only rarely are the patches sore or irritated.
When To See A Healthcare Professional About Rashes
If you dont already have a physician, you can use the Healthline FindCare tool to find a professional near you.
Go to the hospital immediately if you experience a rash along with any of the following symptoms:
- increasing pain or discoloration in the rash area
- tightness or itchiness in the throat
- difficulty breathing
- swelling of the face or limbs
- fever of 100.4°F or higher
- severe head or neck pain
- repeated vomiting or diarrhea
Your healthcare professional may also:
- take your temperature
- order tests, such as an allergy test or complete blood count
- perform a skin biopsy, which involves taking a small sample of skin tissue for analysis
- refer you to a specialist, such as a dermatologist, for further evaluation
Your healthcare professional may also prescribe medication or medicated lotion to relieve your rash. Most people can treat their rashes effectively with medical treatments and home care.
Follow these tips if you have a rash:
- Use home remedies to soothe mild contact rashes.
- Identify potential triggers for the rash and avoid them as much as possible.
- Carefully follow any treatments your doctor prescribes. Speak with a healthcare professional if your rash persists or gets worse despite treatment.
Healthline and our partners may receive a portion of revenues if you make a purchase using a link above.
Some Types Of Skin Cancer Can Look Like Pimples
One of the most alarming types of acne-mimickers is a type of skin cancer called basal cell carcinoma.
“Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer and is often mistaken for a pimple. Pimples usually resolve over days to weeks. If instead, it lasts several months, you should see a board-certified dermatologist as it might need to be biopsied to rule out skin cancer,” Dr. Downes told Insider.
The good news is that basal cell carcinoma is considered a low-risk skin cancer. According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, it is only life-threatening in exceedingly rare cases.
“The risk of it spreading in the body is close to zero. It is just locally destructive to adjacent tissues,” explained Dr. Downes.
The typical treatment involves surgically removing the affected area. Even though basal cell carcinoma isn’t usually an aggressive type of cancer, it can result in scarring if left untreated for too long. Get any suspicious marks or bumps checked sooner rather than later to catch skin cancer early.
Read Also: How Deep Can Basal Cell Carcinoma Go
How Can You Tell If A Rash Is Serious
Here are some signs that your rash needs to be looked at by a medical professional:
1. If you have a fever or pain accompanying the rash.
You should get it checked out, Kroshinsky said. It could be a sign that you have an infection or are experiencing an allergic reaction.
2. If you have a sudden spreading of bruise-like lesions.
It might be a symptom of vasculitis and you need to get that looked at because your clotting cells might not be working right, Kroshinsky explained.
3. If your rash continues unabated.
You might have an infection, Kroshinsky said. Some rashes start out completely benign, but then a secondary infection develops because the integrity of the skin, which is a barrier against potential pathogens, has been disrupted, she explained. Signs of an infection include warmth and pain, yellow or green cloudy discharge and a bad odor.
Itchy Red Bumps Get Checked
These are just a few of the most common conditions that can cause your skin to become irritated, resulting in an itchy, red, or bumpy rash. Most of the conditions that cause itching and redness are not serious. But skin problems can be quite uncomfortable, and it can be difficult to figure out what has caused the rash just by looking at it. Seeing a dermatologist to get a proper diagnosis and treatment will make you much more comfortable, and in some cases it can stop you from getting very sick.
You May Like: Dry Itchy Skin Home Remedies
Causes Of Red Pink Or Brown Spots On Your Skin According To Dermatologists
When you see red, brown, or pink spots on your skin, you may think it is cancer, but it is more likely to be harmless. Those with fairer skin tones are also more likely to notice these spots. You can use other features such as fine bumps, scaly skin, or raised borders to detect the marks on darker skin.
Here are the causes, risk factors, and side effects of these spots.
What Conditions Cause Spots on the Skin?
Several conditions can cause spots on the skin, ranging from itchy dry patches to moles or other growths. Here are some of the most common categories of conditions that can cause spots.
Have You Noticed Red Dots Suddenly Appearing On Your Skin
Or maybe a single red dot, and you wonder how long its been there on your skin?
Could melanoma skin cancer first appear as a red dot, or is a red little spot on the skin usually harmless?
I have the answers, because I asked these questions to Dr. Oanh Lauring, MD, founder of Lauring Dermatology in Nottingham, MD.
Many people notice dots on their skin, and these skin dots or spots appear to be red.
This article is about red dots or spots on the skin, rather than red bumps or blemish-like spots.
Red dots on the skin can appear in many different ways.
One way is the appearance of pinpoint size specks. Lets talk about these first.
The closer you examine your skin, the more of these tiny specks you may discover.
Some can be a little larger, like the size that a ball point pen would make, and then even larger yet, like 1-2 millimeters, even up to three mm.
A cherry angioma. Shutterstock/dba87
Upon close inspection, you realize that these red dots arent necessarily dot shaped, but can be erratically shaped, as small as they are.
They may also appear a dark red, a bit off-red or a dark pink.
Some people have loads of these all over their body .
These are called cherry angiomas and are completely harmless .
They are blood vessels above the surface of the skin, come with age , and will never become a problem.
Also Check: What Are The Different Stages Of Skin Cancer
Care Advice For Localized Rashes
Risk Factors For Bowen’s Disease
The cause of Bowens disease is often unknown, but known risk factors include:
- Gender the condition is more common in women.
- Age the condition is more common in people over 40 years. Elderly women are particularly prone.
- Sun exposure Bowens disease is more common in sunny countries. Bowens is most common on parts of the body exposed to direct sunlight.
- Arsenic people who are exposed to arsenic are at increased risk.
- Systemic immunosuppression this is required by organ transplant recipients to prevent organ rejection.
- Viral infection infections with certain subtypes of the human papilloma virus can predispose to Bowens disease. This is especially relevant for genital Bowens disease.
Recommended Reading: How Bad Is Squamous Cell Carcinoma
What Does Petechiae Look Like
Petechiae are flat and look like pinpoint-sized red, brown, or purple dots. Clumps of them on your skin look like a rash. But unlike many rashes, when you press on the spots they don’t turn white. And if the spots are larger and red or purple, you may have another type of bleeding problem called purpura.
Petechiae can form just about anywhere on your body, even your eyelids or inside your mouth.
How Are Petechiae Treated
Treatment for petechiae varies depending on the cause. For straining or a skin injury, you may not need any treatment. If there is a more serious cause, you may need:
- Antibiotics to treat a bacterial infection.
- Corticosteroids to reduce swelling in the blood vessels.
- Drugs that suppress the immune system.
- Vitamin C supplements.
Recommended Reading: Best Serums For Combination Skin
Bacterial Meningitis And Petechiae
Meningitis is the infection of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord.
One symptom of meningococcal meningitis is a headache accompanied by a petechial rash, known as the meningitis rash. Although the rash is common, it doesnt always occur, so if you have other symptoms of meningitislike a stiff neck and headachebe sure to seek medical care immediately.
The meningitis rash is a petechial rash. At first, you might notice petechiae on the arms or other areas of the body. These may be blanching if you try the clear glass test mentioned above, but as the rash becomes more pronounced it will become non-blanching. The meningitis rash can progress from petechial to a purpuric rash, which looks more like bruising than pinpricks.
Petechial rashes can be hard to spot on people with darker skin tones. Look for the rash on lighter areas like the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands. It can also appear on the roof of the mouth or the inside of the eyelids.
Meningitis is a serious disease that progresses quickly. If you have a petechial rash, especially if it is paired with other meningitis symptoms like headache or stiff neck, seek immediate medical attention.
How Can I Prevent Petechiae
Its not possible to prevent all causes of petechiae. But you can help prevent infections that lead to petechiae with some simple strategies:
- Avoid anyone whos sick.
- Clean countertops, door handles and other high-touch surfaces frequently.
- Dont share items that may have touched someone elses mouth or nose .
- Protect your skin from sun damage with clothing, sunscreen and shade.
- Use insect repellant in grassy areas and the woods to prevent tick bites. Also, wear long-sleeved shirts and pants, and make sure to check your body for ticks afterward.
- Wash your hands often.
Read Also: How To Help Skin Heal Faster
Staph Infections Can Mimic Acne
Staph infections are caused by staphylococcus bacteria. These germs are usually harmless and normally found on the skin of healthy people, but can cause infection if they find their way into open cuts or scratches.
Dr. Soni told Insider that staph infections often cause pimple-like boils, bumps, and redness that can be easily mistaken for acne. Unlike normal pimples, staph infections can process to pus-filled blisters or large patches of irritated skin.
Though most staph infections are minor and will clear up on their own, some can lead to life-threatening conditions such as septicemia or an infection of the inner lining of the heart. If you suspect you have a staph infection or have a skin lesion that isn’t getting better, head to your doctor for a diagnosis.
Looking For Signs Of Skin Cancer
Non melanoma skin cancers tend to develop most often on skin that’s exposed to the sun.
To spot skin cancers early it helps to know how your skin normally looks. That way, you’ll notice any changes more easily.
To look at areas you cant see easily, you could try using a hand held mirror and reflect your skin onto another mirror. Or you could get your partner or a friend to look. This is very important if you’re regularly outside in the sun for work or leisure.
You can take a photo of anything that doesn’t look quite right. If you can it’s a good idea to put a ruler or tape measure next to the abnormal area when you take the photo. This gives you a more accurate idea about its size and can help you tell if it’s changing. You can then show these pictures to your doctor.
Northern Ireland Cancer Network, December 2012
Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology VT De Vita, TS Lawrence and SA RosenbergWolters Kluwer, 2018
Cancer and its managementJ Tobias and D HochhauserBlackwell, 2015
Recommended Reading: Skin Cancer On Top Of Head
Sebaceous Hyperplasia Can Look Like Large Pimples
Sebaceous hyperplasia takes the form of small bumps that grow in hair follicles with enlarged sebaceous glands. Though it is technically considered a tumor, sebaceous hyperplasia is totally harmless and not cancerous.
These benign growths often appear reddish with a hint of yellow or white, Dr. Potozkin explained. They tend to be inherited and most commonly appear on the face of older adults, though they can occur at any age.
If you wish to have sebaceous hyperplasia treated, your dermatologist will likely use light electrocautery or laser vaporization to remove individual lumps.
Are Petechiae A Rash
Petechiae may look like a rash, but theyre not. These pinpoint red dots on the skin are caused by broken capillaries, tiny blood vessels under the skin. They are not itchy or painful.
If you press on petechiae, theyll stay purple, red or brown. But if you press on a rash, it will turn pale or lighter.
Recommended Reading: Is Carcinoma In Situ Cancer
Mosquito And Insect Bites
Causes: Some rashes result from insect bites including those from mosquitoes, spiders, ants, fleas, flies, and wasps. Following the insect bite is an allergic reaction in the form of a swollen, itchy bump.
Treatments: In most cases, rashes resulting from a mild allergic reaction to insect bites can go away on its own. However, you may need to take a trip to the emergency room or your general practitioner in the case of a more severe reaction. A doctor will prescribe a topical cream in these cases.
Topical Treatments And Drugs
Professional treatment for these conditions often starts with an ointment or cream, which may contain steroids or antibiotics. A healthcare professional may also recommend steroid injections or tablets, oral antibiotics, or anti-allergy medications.
However, for Lyme disease, antibiotic tablets or injections are the first-line treatment.
For psoriasis, a wide range of medicated creams include:
- coal tar, a thick oil, to reduce itchiness and swelling
- synthetic vitamin A or D creams to slow skin cell production
- calcineurin inhibitor creams, such as pimecrolimus or tacrolimus, for off-label use to suppress the immune system
Even after a person uses topical treatment and steroids, severe cases of psoriasis may require an oral or injectable biologic drug.
Recommended Reading: Who Do I See For Skin Cancer
Keratosis Pilaris Can Cause Small Bumps On The Skin
Keratosis pilaris is a very common skin condition that causes small, hard bumps to appear on your skin like a rash. These bumps may make your skin feel like sandpaper.
“Some might mistake keratosis pilaris for acne, but it’s a genetic condition that occurs when the skin doesn’t exfoliate normally and the keratin blocks the pores, causing these tiny bumps,” Dr. Debra Jaliman, dermatologist and assistant professor of dermatology at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, told Insider.
The bumps caused by keratosis pilaris are often light-colored and tend to crop up on the arms. Dr. Jaliman advised that the condition can be treated using lotions that contain keratolytic agents such as salicylic acid. Keratolytic agents cause the outer layer of the skin to loosen and shed, helping to exfoliate areas affected by keratosis pilaris.
How To Protect Yourself From Ticks
Also, Kroshinsky counseled, keep in mind that the preparations you use to treat your skin condition might make things worse.
One thing to keep in mind is that if youre using a preparation with topical antibiotics, a significant number of people are allergic to bacitracin and neomycin, she explained. If the area you are treating becomes itchy or blistery you might want to stop using them and see a doctor.
And if you feel unsure about the rash, dont hesitate to seek medical advice from a dermatologist, Ferris said.
Were trained to distinguish between concerning and non-concerning rashes and getting you on the appropriate treatment, she added.
Don’t Miss: What Does The Beginning Of Skin Cancer Look Like
Red Spots On The Skin: 25 Possible Causes And Treatments
01 December, 2022
Occasionally, red spots appear on the skin. These can be caused by a wide variety of factors. These range from allergic reactions to medications or contact with certain substances to temporary illnesses.
Theyre not always a symptom to worry about. In fact, sometimes they disappear on their own. Nevertheless, sometimes they do require treatment for an underlying condition.
Molluscum Contagiosum Can Cause Doughnut
Though acne pimples are caused by bacteria on the skin, similar-looking lesions can actually be caused by a viral infection.
“Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin condition that can cause doughnut-shaped pink or skin-colored bumps on the skin. When small, these may be confused with pimples,” Dr. Bard told Insider.
According to the British Association of Dermatologists, molluscum contagiosum is caused by a pox virus and can be spread from person to person through direct contact or sharing personal items like towels or clothes.
The condition is generally harmless and usually clears by itself, though in some people this may take between six and 18 months.