Black Spots On The Skin: Causes Risk Factors Home Remedies And Prevention
People who are in their middle age are more likely to develop these dark spots due to hyperpigmentation. Hence, these are also known as age spots. The most common areas where spots are likely to occur are- face, hands, arms, shoulders and the back.
Usually, these dark spots are harmless and tend to cure on their own. However, some of them may be malignant in nature. With some simple skin routine and drinking lots of water, you can get rid of these spots easily.
Black Spots Near Dogs Privates
Near the dogs privates, you may also notice black spots if the dog is infected with the yeast fungus. The infection may result in excessive itching and a foul smell.
When you see these, visit the nearest physician to be given the right medication that will help in treating the yeast infection and eventually eliminate the black spots.
Causes Of Acanthosis Nigricans
The most common cause of acanthosis nigricans is being very overweight.
Other causes include:
- conditions that affect hormone levels such as Cushing’s syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome or an underactive thyroid
- taking certain medicines including steroids or hormone treatments like the contraceptive pill
- rarely, cancer usually stomach cancer
- rarely, a faulty gene inherited from your parents
Sometimes healthy people with no other conditions get acanthosis nigricans. This is more common in people with black or brown skin.
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How To Remove Dark Spots On The Face For Dark Skin
A. For dealing with black spots on darker skin complexions, one of the best ways is to exfoliate properly. Use chemical exfoliators like AHA and BHA – they gently slough off the top layer of your skin and boost rejuvenation of clearer skin underneath.
Written by Sanya Hamdanion Oct 30, 2019
Sanya Hamdani is a skincare enthusiast and lipstick hoarder, she truly believes no two red lipsticks look exactly alike. With a Master’s degree in Communication & Journalism and 5+ years of digital writing experience up her sleeve, Sanya has some of the biggest beauty experts in the country on her speed dial. When she’s not swatching products or writing about the latest trends in beauty, you will find her watching F.R.I.E.N.D.S. or cooking up a storm in the kitchen.
Causes And Types Of Raised Skin Bumps
The most common causes of raised skin bumps are harmless and do not require medical treatment unless you have discomfort. Here are some of the possible reasons for raised skin bumps:
Less commonly, raised skin bumps are caused by more serious conditions that require treatment. Certain bacterial and viral infections cause bumps and will only get worse if they go undiagnosed and untreated. These serious conditions include:
- chickenpox, a common childhood virus characterized by red, itchy bumps that form all over the body
- impetigo, a bacterial skin infection common in young children that is highly contagious and results in reddish blisters that ooze and develop a honey-colored crust
- MRSA infection, an illness triggered by a staph bacteria that commonly lives on the skin, causing a swollen, painful bump with a white center
- scabies, a skin infestation caused by a tiny mite called Sarcoptes scabiei, producing an itchy, pimple-like rash
Other types of raised skin bumps can be caused by skin cancer. There are several types of skin cancer, all requiring medical management and treatment:
Most skin bumps are harmless and arent cause for concern. However, you should see your doctor if:
- skin bumps change or worsen in appearance, or last for a long time
- you are in pain or they cause discomfort
- you dont know the cause of the bumps
- you suspect you have an infection or skin cancer
The Healthline FindCare tool can provide options in your area if you dont already have a doctor.
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How To Tackle And Cure Black Spots On Skin
Black spots with age are unavoidable and common, however, black spots in young people can be tackled with some precautions. Black spots in youngsters are usually caused by excessive sun exposure. Hence, it is crucial to constantly wear sunscreen with an SPF higher than 30 when out in the sun.
If possible, keep your arms and top of the feet covered. Wear sunglasses and a hat for the face. Avoid sun exposure between 10:00 to 16:00, sun rays are usually at the peak between these hours.
Take immediate treatment of the black spots. The treatment could be natural, chemical, or home remedies.
- Natural treatment includes:
These are easily available natural components that can help combat black spots.
Genetics And Random Bruising
In some people, random bruising may be impacted by their genes simply because of how they are physically built. For example, a person may have fairer skin and more fragile blood vessels, two factors that can make bruises develop more easily and appear darker in color.
On top of genetics, aging can be a factor of unexplained bruising. Older adults often experience random bruising as part of the natural aging process. This is due to weakening blood vessels that are more prone to breakage even with slight injury to the area. Sex can also affect bruising as women tend to bruise more easily than men.
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How Is Acanthosis Nigricans Diagnosed
Your healthcare provider will talk to you about your symptoms and medical history and perform a physical exam. Often, these steps are enough to diagnose AN. Other tests to diagnose AN include:
- Blood work, which can help confirm or rule out underlying conditions such as diabetes.
- Skin biopsy , on rare occasions, if the diagnosis is not straightforward.
Melanomas That Could Be Mistaken For A Common Skin Problem
Melanoma that looks like a bruise
Melanoma can develop anywhere on the skin, including the bottom of the foot, where it can look like a bruise as shown here.
Melanoma that looks like a cyst
This reddish nodule looks a lot like a cyst, but testing proved that it was a melanoma.
In people of African descent, melanoma tends to develop on the palm, bottom of the foot, or under or around a nail.
Did you spot the asymmetry, uneven border, varied color, and diameter larger than that of a pencil eraser?
Dark line beneath a nail
Melanoma can develop under a fingernail or toenail, looking like a brown line as shown here.
While this line is thin, some are much thicker. The lines can also be much darker.
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A Dark Line In Your Nail
When melanoma pops up on your nails, it looks more like a bruise under your nail plate, says Heather Woolery-Lloyd, M.D., director of the skin of color division in the department of dermatology of the University of Miami. Called subungual melanoma, which translates to melanoma beneath a fingernail or toenail, this type typically shows up as a dark, vertical line down the length of your nail. Over time, the line may spread, covering more of your nail. Its also known as acral lentiginous melanoma , melanoma on your hands, feet, or nails.
Melanoma Vs Normal Mole How To Tell If A Mole Is Something To Worry About
How can you know if an existing black mole or a new dark mole is something to worry about? Researchers from the National Cancer Institute use the ABCDE system to help check for signs that a mole could be cancerous. ABCDE stands for:6
- Asymmetrical. Black spots on the skin that are melanoma have two differently shaped halves that are irregular.
- Border. Black spots, moles, or large freckles that have an irregular border or blurred outline.
- Color. An uneven color is noticeable in the dark skin growth. There may be shades of black, brown, or light brown as well as other colors.
- Diameter. Most melanomas are larger than 1/4 inch . However, its good to remember that normal moles can also be large.
- Evolving. The mole is changing in size or other changes are noticed.
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How Is Skin Discoloration Treated
Treatment for discolored skin patches depends on the underlying cause. If a healthcare professional finds an underlying health condition, they will attempt to treat that particular condition first.
Any active infection must be treated with the appropriate class of drugs. For example, antibiotics can treat bacterial infections, while antifungal medications treat fungal infections.
If you choose to seek treatment for cosmetic reasons, a dermatologist may recommend over-the-counter or prescription topical treatments to reduce signs of skin discoloration. Professional treatments, such as chemical peels or microdermabrasion, may also be used to help reduce hyperpigmentation, but these arent usually covered by insurance.
Its important to ask your doctor before trying any topical treatments or home remedies that supposedly treat skin discoloration. You should always get a correct diagnosis first.
How To Get Rid Of Black Spots On Skin
You have no reason to live with dark dots or patches on your skin that affects your beauty. Our main interest is on how to remove dark spots on face overnight or instantly if possible. You can use home remedies to remove mild common dark dots on the face and from other parts of the body skin.
Alternatively, dark spots that wont go away from your skin easily, medical treatment is the best option you can go for by visiting your doctor to help you on how to remove dark spots on face fast and on other parts of the body skin.
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When To See A Healthcare Provider
Determining whether the red spots on your skin will require a visit to your provider will depend on the appearance and severity of the rash, your medical history, and any underlying conditions you have.
In general, red flag symptoms along with red spots on your skin include:
- Severe pain or swelling
- Pus oozing from the rash
If you have red spots on your skin and “red flag symptoms,” seek medical care right away.
Sneaky Warning Signs Of Melanoma You Might Miss
by Health Writer
You know whatmelanoma looks like, right? Youve probably seen the iconic pictures of a big, brown mole with jagged edges. And while thats the image that most of us conjure when we think of melanoma, its not the onlysign of this skin cancer. Some are far less obvious. Melanoma may not be brown it may not be a moleit might not even appear on your skin! We talked to top skin cancer experts to pinpoint the sneakiest forms of malignant melanoma.
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Are Black Spots Dangerous On The Skin
Black spots are normal in an aged person. Black spots on a young person caused by UV exposure, hyperpigmentation when an area of skin produces more than usual melanin are not a case of concern. They dont require treatment, however, black spots can be eliminated for the cosmetics. Black spots are a cause of concern when:
- They are bumpy and grow in months to a year
- Sore and dont heal with time
- Spots are crusty and oozing
- Skin appears red, flaky, or scaly
- Skin bleeding, swelling, pain, tender, and scratchy
The symptoms above are of melanoma. Hence, if the spots appear similar to above, it is important to get checked.
Topical Treatments For Melasma
- Hydroquinone: This medicine is a common first treatment for melasma and works by lightening the skin. Hydroquinone comes as a cream, lotion, gel, or liquid and is applied to the skin.
- Tretinoin and corticosteroids: Both of these help with lightening the color of the patches on the skin. They come in gels, creams and lotions.
- Other topical medicines: Other topical treatments that may be prescribed to help lighten melasma include azelaic acid or kojic acid.
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Sun Protection And Melasma
Proper sun protection can help prevent the development or recurrence of melasma.
You have to use sunscreen and sun protection. Do not go out into the direct sun between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m. and make sure you wear a 12-inch round hat, Dr. Chow said.
There are two main types of sunscreens:
- Sunscreens that use chemicals, such as oxybenzone
- Sunscreens that use physical blockers, such as zinc and titanium dioxide.
How To Prevent Black Spots On Skin
It is hard to prevent dark spots. Like melasma caused by pregnancy hormonal changes is not preventable. But there can be limited, some precautions can be taken to tackle it:
- Always wear sunscreen of at least 30 SPF.
- Wear a hat and sunglasses to protect your skin
- Treatment of conditions such as ache, eczema that leads to inflammation.
- Avoid excessive sun exposure
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How To Treat Dry Skin Patches
Treatment for your dry patches of skin will depend on whats causing your symptoms.
Your doctor may recommend over-the-counter or prescription creams, ointments, or lotions. In some cases, pills or infusions of stronger medications are used to clear up the skin condition.
Talk with a healthcare professional about which treatment is best for whats causing your symptoms.
Black Spots On Skin: Causes Treatments Pictures And More
Black spots on skin can come in all shapes and sizes and can affect your face, shoulders, arms, or upper body. Some spots look like tiny black dots that resemble a black rash on your skin. Other types of black spots can be flat dark patches of skin whereas some can be raised black bumps or very dark moles.
Very often, dark patches of skin appear as we get older. This can cause dark spots on areas of the body exposed to the sun. For example, black spots on the scalp are common on older men who are bald. Some causes of tiny black dots on the face could be blackheads, scabies, or tiny dark freckles. Other reasons for dark spots on the skin can be due to some dermatological conditions. Of course, you may be worried if a black spot or mole is skin cancer.
Depending on the cause, dark spots on the skin may be itchy or irritate the surrounding area. Itching or scratching some black spots or dark skin tags on your skin may cause them to bleed easily.
Treating black spots on the face or skin usually requires addressing the underlying issue. In some cases, you should consult a dermatologist for treatment advice for black moles that appear to grow or have an irregular edge.
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An Unevenly Pigmented Patch Of Skin
In people of color, melanoma doesnt always show up as a mole. Sometimes it just looks like a dark lesion or patch of dark skin. And it often surfaces in places you wouldnt expect melanoma to grow: the soles of your feet or the palms of your hands. Melanoma in dark skin is far less common than it is in fair complexions, but when it does happen, its often deadlier because its typically found at a later stage. One more reason to be attuned to any changes in your body!
Extremely Dry Itchy Skin
Dry, itchy skin
If you have diabetes, youre more likely to have dry skin. High blood sugar can cause this. If you have a skin infection or poor circulation, these could also contribute to dry, itchy skin.
- Tell your doctor about your extremely dry skin. Gaining better control of diabetes can reduce dryness.
- If you continue to have dry skin after you gain better control of your diabetes, a dermatologist can help.
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What Are The Black Spots On The Skin
Black spots are small darkened blemishes formed on the skin. The black spots on your skin are signs of aging and sun exposure. These spots are also caused by high pollution of melanin pigments. The ultraviolet rays of the sun might also cause these black spots on your skin. The black spots can occur on your face, on your hands, shoulders and also on your forearms.
Age is an important factor for the black spots that occur. The skin becomes more prone to these conditions with aging and the melanin pigments of your body do not function properly. However the black spots on your skin or age spots are not harmful to your skin.
Black spots are caused by the overproduction of melanin. However, in young people black spots are because of too much sun exposure. UV rays speed up the production of melanin and the skin turns dark to protect itself from cellular destruction. Sometimes these black spots may be a sign of skin cancer or other abnormalities and can spread over your skin gradually.