Stains Due To Venous Insufficiency
Causes Of Black Spots On Skin
Skin hyperpigmentation can occur due to various factors. These factors can trigger melanocytes to produce excess melanin in the affected parts of the skin. It is significant for you to be conversant with causes that can result in dark spots on body skin so that you can be able to prevent and escape dark marks on the skin.
The causes of black spots on body skin include the following:
What Causes Black Spots On The Face And How To Get Rid Of Them
There can be several reasons for black spots on the face, one of the most common being sun exposure. Black or brown spots can affect every skin type and appear out of nowhere, theres no escaping this common skin problem. However, if you know what is causing black spots on the face and how to treat them effectively, you can achieve flawless skin and get rid of dull, mature-looking skin. While some spots fade on their own others are too stubborn and require effective treatment. Heres everything you need to know about the causes and treatment of black spots, read on to find out…
Don’t Miss: Is Stage 3 Melanoma Curable
What To Expect When You See A Dermatologist For Light Spots
Your dermatologists first priority is to find the cause. To give you an accurate diagnosis, your dermatologist will look closely at the light area and ask questions.
Before your first dermatology appointment, make sure you know the names of your medications.
Some medications can lighten your skin, so your dermatologist will ask you about medications you take or apply to your skin. Be sure to tell your dermatologist about treatment that you buy without a prescription like acne gels and ointments.
Once your dermatologist knows why you have a light area, your dermatologist will tell you whats recommended. Often, your natural skin color will return on its own. If you have a skin condition, your dermatologist can create a treatment plan for you.
You can locate a dermatologist in your area by going to Find a dermatologist.
To see if there is a dermatologist in your area who focuses on people who have skin of color:
Click on Any Practice Focus.
Select Skin of color.
ImagesImage 1: Used with permission of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
Causes Of Black Spots On Back And Neck
Dark spots on the back and neck can develop due to many reasons, like the following:
You May Like: What Does Melanoma Look Like On The Face
What Is The Outlook For People With Acanthosis Nigricans
AN isn’t dangerous or harmful. People can live normal, healthy lives with AN.
However, its important to manage conditions that may be causing AN, such as diabetes, obesity or hormonal conditions. And if the dark patches appear suddenly, see your healthcare provider immediately. The sudden appearance may be a sign of cancer.
Little Black Bugs On Your Dog That Are Not Fleas
If youve determined that the little black bugs on your dog are not fleas, it is possible they could be small ticks.
Immature ticks are called nymphs and these ticks are the most likely to transmit disease with their bite. They are the size of a poppy seed. The adult ticks are larger and much more easily identified, although still small at about 3mm in size. They enlarge as they have a blood meal. Ticks are flat top to bottom, unlike fleas which are flat side to side. They are in the arachnid family and have 8 legs.
Read Also: How Do You Know You Have Skin Cancer
Sun Damage Can Cause Dark Patches On Your Skin
Damage to your skin because of the sun can result in black patches on your skin because of hyperpigmentation.
Doctors from the Mayo Clinic say that melanin pigments provide some protection from the harmful rays of the sun. However, if the skin is exposed to too much sun, dark pigmented patches of skin can appear.8
What Are Those Black Specks Or Black Bugs On Your Dog
Finding black specks or possibly small black bugs on your dogs skin or in your dogs fur can be puzzling at first. This feeling might change to alarm as you wonder what it could be. There are a number of possible explanations for finding black specks in your dogs fur or on its skin. I will review 7 of the most likely causes for this condition and how you treat them.
Read Also: Is Squamous Cell Carcinoma Painful
Sebaceous Filaments A Conduit For Natures Skin Moisturizer
You like your skin looking healthy and glowing, right? One key ingredient to that is moisturizer. And not just the kind you apply from a jar or tube. Your body produces its own moisturizer customized just for your skin. Its called sebum. Sebum is the oily, waxy substance produced by your sebaceous glands. It mixes with fat molecules to form a protective coating on your skins surface.
Sebum moisturizes your skin from the inside out. But how does it get where it needs to gothe surface of your skin? For that, you can thank sebaceous filaments. Your skin is covered with hair, much of it nearly invisible. Each hair grows from its own hair follicle. And each follicle has attached to it a minuscule tube through which sebum is conducted up to the surface of our skin. This is a sebaceous filament.
Injury And Your Tongue
Oral piercings and tongue injuries may result in black spots on the tongue. Thats because damage to your tongue can leave a sore with a dark color. If you’ve had an oral piercing recently or bitten, cut, or otherwise injured your tongue, a black spot could be a lingering sign of damage. If this sore continues to linger, hurt, or get infected, be sure to contact your oral care provider about treatment methods.
You May Like: How Can You Tell If You Have Melanoma
Can Acanthosis Nigricans Be Prevented
If obesity is causing AN, you can help prevent the condition through weight management. A diet that helps you keep your blood sugar levels in check can also help prevent AN.
Other preventive steps include:
- Managing medical conditions related to AN, such as thyroid problems and diabetes.
- Avoiding medications, such as birth control pills, that can cause or worsen AN.
Vein Disease Or Damage
Healthy veins keep blood flowing one way through a series of valves that stop it from going back down the legs under the pull of gravity. When veins are diseased or damaged, blood may be allowed to pool in the veins instead of travelling back to the heart. This builds pressure in the vein, and blood can leak into the surrounding tissues, causing dark skin discolouration in the areas.
How to get rid of it: While treating vein damage or disease is usually part of a larger overall management plan for venous health, you can help promote healthy venous flow by staying active, hydrated and wearing compression stockings.
Don’t Miss: What Does Nodular Melanoma Look Like
How Do Brown Skin Spots Develop
As shown above, brown patches on the skin can take many different forms: from small and sharply defined to large and frayed. They appear individually or in groups, some are a little raised, but most are completely smooth. These brown discolorations can occur basically anywhere on the body. They can be congenital or develop only in the course of life
Responsible for such brown discolorations on the skin is usually a local overproduction of the pigment melanin , which gives our skin, hair and eyes the actual color. Other causes can be:
- smallest bleedings in the legs due to vein weakness
- Metabolic disorders e.g. due to liver disease
- Systemic diseases or hereditary diseases
- Contact with chemical substances such as silver salts or phenols
In addition, there are various factors that can promote an overproduction of melanin: The most important are sunlight, genetic predisposition, metabolism, hormonal influences, ageing processes and skin injuries. Certain drugs may also play a role.
Active cancer prevention: Check brown spots: When should I see a doctor?
The ABCDE rule can serve as a first guide to identify suspicious spots on the skin itself:
Are Black Spots Dangerous On The Skin
Black spots are normal in an aged person. Black spots on a young person caused by UV exposure, hyperpigmentation when an area of skin produces more than usual melanin are not a case of concern. They dont require treatment, however, black spots can be eliminated for the cosmetics. Black spots are a cause of concern when:
- They are bumpy and grow in months to a year
- Sore and dont heal with time
- Spots are crusty and oozing
- Skin appears red, flaky, or scaly
- Skin bleeding, swelling, pain, tender, and scratchy
The symptoms above are of melanoma. Hence, if the spots appear similar to above, it is important to get checked.
What You Can Do
Bring a list of all medications you take regularly including over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements and the daily dosage of each.
You may also want to list questions for your doctor, such as:
- What made the warts develop?
- If I have them removed, will they come back?
- What types of treatments are available to remove the warts, and which do you recommend?
- What types of side effects can I expect?
- What are the alternatives to the primary approach youre suggesting?
- If the growths arent warts, what tests do you need to do?
- How can I prevent warts?
Moles And Birthmarks On The Body
The pinhead to pea-sized moles or liver spots are brownish accumulations of pigment rich cells. These can be so-called melanocytes, which normally release their pigment, melanin, to the skin and thus ensure that the skin turns brown. The medical term for moles is short nevus. These are often congenital. The risk of developing skin cancer from these small patches is slightly increased. Therefore, regular check-ups by the dermatologist are absolutely recommended. Read about what to look out for in moles.
Also Check: How To Get Brighter Skin
How Is Melanoma Treated
Melanoma treatment can include:
- surgery to remove the cancerous lesion
- chemotherapy: tumor-killing medicines are given by mouth, through an injection , or intravenously
- targeted therapy: specific medicines that find and attack cancer cells without hurting normal cells
- immunotherapy : when doctors stimulate the body’s own immune system to fight cancer cells
The treatment chosen depends on:
- how big and how deep the lesion is
- what part of the body it is on
- whether the cancer has spread
Do Dark Spots Get Darker Before Going Away
Active treatment accelerates cell turnover, pulling pigmented cells to the surface at a faster rate. This increases the concentration of melanin in the epidermis, creating a temporary darkening of the spots. So, the darkening is what you want to see. It means the pigment is coming up and is ready to be shed away.
Recommended Reading: What Is Invasive High Grade Urothelial Carcinoma
What If The Black Spots On My Dog Look Like Dirt
Sometimes, you may see that the spot your dog perpetually itches is covered with little black spots that look like flecks of dirt. In this case, your dog may not have hyper-pigmentation going on. Rather, he may be suffering from a yeast infection.
If you see this, don’t panic. This particular kind of infection is caused by a harmless fungus that thrives in the dark, dank places on your dog’s body. This is why you’ll commonly see the condition on your pooch’s groin area, his ear canal, the butt, and the sex organs.
You can usually treat a dogs yeast infection by bathing your dog in a special shampoo specifically designed to create an environment where yeast cannot thrive. Your vet may also prescribe an oral medication or administer an injection if the infection is particularly severe.
When To See A Doctor
In most cases, dark spots on the skin are not harmful. But in some instances, it might be hard to tell the difference between a dark spot and other skin changes, such as melanoma, which is a type of skin cancer.
People who are unsure what a dark spot is or have not been able to get rid of it can see a doctor to find out more.
It is important to talk to a doctor if any dark spot on the skin:
- appears suddenly
Recommended Reading: Can Skin Cancer Be Red In Color
When To See A Healthcare Provider
Determining whether the red spots on your skin will require a visit to your provider will depend on the appearance and severity of the rash, your medical history, and any underlying conditions you have.
In general, red flag symptoms along with red spots on your skin include:
- Severe pain or swelling
- Pus oozing from the rash
If you have red spots on your skin and “red flag symptoms,” seek medical care right away.
The Wait And See Approach
In some cases, no treatment may be the best option, as the spots could go away over time.
For example, this may be the case for some types of hyperpigmentation that occur during pregnancy or those that appear after an acne pimple goes away.
In the meantime, the use of sun protection can help prevent the spots from getting darker.
Don’t Miss: Oils Good For The Skin
Brown Spots And Freckles
Freckles are small flat brown marks that most often appear on the face and other exposed parts of the body in the summer months. They are most often seen in fair-skinned people with red hair but can be seen in people with darker skin colour too. Freckles are formed when the skin is exposed to the sun. Freckles are harmless, but if one starts to look funny compared to others then its best to get it checked out.
Larger, flat, brown spots on the face and hands that start to appear in middle-aged people, known as age spots or liver spots, are properly called solar lentigines. These occur in people of all skin types if they have spent too much time exposed to the sun. Solar lentigines are harmless too but because they can sometimes turn into melanoma it is good to get them checked out, especially if they start to change colour or shape.
Dont Miss: Is Petroleum Jelly Good For Skin
Preventing Black Spots On Skin From Developing
It might not be possible to prevent dark spots on skin from developing completely. For instance, during pregnancy, a condition known as melasma is not preventable. However, the spots on the skin tend to be stubborn. Hence, it is best if you avoid them from developing at all.
Here are a few things you can try-
- Use SPF- Wear and reapply sunscreen regularly every two hours or sooner, especially when going out or swimming.
- Cover the skin- When stepping out of the home, wear a hat, long sleeves and pants to protect the skin from harmful ultraviolet rays.
- Avoid peak sun hours- The sun is at peak between 10 am to 2 pm. Hence, avoid stepping out of your home between this period.
- Treat skin conditions such as acne to reduce inflammation.
Read Also: 10 Ways To Prevent Skin Cancer
A Dark Line In Your Nail
When melanoma pops up on your nails, it looks more like a bruise under your nail plate, says Heather Woolery-Lloyd, M.D., director of the skin of color division in the department of dermatology of the University of Miami. Called subungual melanoma, which translates to melanoma beneath a fingernail or toenail, this type typically shows up as a dark, vertical line down the length of your nail. Over time, the line may spread, covering more of your nail. Its also known as acral lentiginous melanoma , melanoma on your hands, feet, or nails.