Your Condoms And Lube
If you experience itching, redness and swelling down below right after sex, you could be allergic to your condoms and/or lube.
Spermicides and other harsh ingredients in condoms and lubes can trigger an allergic reaction. Using condoms and lubes for sensitive skin may help solve the problem.
According to a 2016 study published in the Journal of Occupational Health, latex allergies affect less than five percent of the general population
Still, that doesnt mean you arent one of the unlucky few who has a latex allergy.
Try using latex-free condoms for a while to see if it helps any.
How To Avoid A Frenulum From Tearing
One of the major reasons for Frenulum tear is the dry skin. Hence, the best practice to avoid frenulum tear is using water-based lubricants for skin hydration.
Some precautions to prevent frenulum tear are as follows:
- Avoid rigorous sex and masturbation. If the tearing occurs afterwards, abstain from sex for at least six weeks.
- Wear loose clothes and avoid tight undergarments.
Bacterial Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Among the diseases of this type that usually cause skin lesions on the genitals we find:
Even so, as there are more diseases and their cure may be totally different from that of these, both the diagnosis and the treatment must be indicated in each case by the specialist doctor who treats the patient.
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To Prevent Future Incidents:
- Avoid harsh soaps and cleansers
- Use plenty of lubrication when participating in vigorous sexual activity
- Prevent scratching or rubbing whenever possible
- Protect skin from excessive moisture, irritants, and rough clothing
- Maintain a cool, stable temperature and consistent humidity levels
- Limit exposure to dust, cigarette smoke, pollens, and animal dander
- Clean yourself after sex or masturbation
*Both branded and generic antibiotic creams and ointments rely on three main medications, two of which neomycin and bacitracin earned the dubious title of Allergen of the Year by the American Contact Dermatitis Association in 2010 and 2003, respectively.*Neomycin creates an allergic reaction in approximately 10% of consumers, while 9.2% reacted negatively to bacitracin, with reactions ranging from skin rash to anaphylaxis.
Hand Sanitizer Destroys Skin Microbiome
If my correspondence with subscribers is any indication, the incidence of skin splits on the hands and fingers has increased dramatically since 2019.
Mmmm, I wonder why that might be?
To me, the reason is simplethe astronomical increase in the use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers. Some people are now using these products compulsively. They still seem to prominently adorn the entrance to the majority of businesses.
The worst aspect of these products is that they strip the skin of the natural probiotics which protect them.
While using hand sanitizer occasionally is not going to do much harm, their use should be minimized to protect the skin microbiome.
To be honest, I cant remember the last time I slathered any on my hands!
The more you use hand sanitizer, the more prone to fissures, cuts and cracks your skin will be, particularly in cold and dry weather.
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They also seem to take FOREVER to heal because they get wet at least a few times during the day from bathing/hand washing.
Even more exposure to water occurs if our daily routine involves cooking or cleaning.
The process of healing seems to be slowed dramatically even if the hands are quickly dried after getting wet.
General Foreskin Care Teenagers And Men
Taking care of your foreskin should become a habit. Make sure you:
- Clean underneath the foreskin. Without regular cleaning, a build-up of a whitish-yellow substance known as smegma can occur under the foreskin. Smegma can look like pus to the untrained eye.
- See your doctor if you have any concerns.
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Tight Clothing Or Chafing
If tight clothes are constantly worn around the genital area, they can chafe or rub against the skin, and lead to dryness. Tight underwear can also lead to a buildup of moisture under your foreskin, which can be a breeding ground for fungus and increase the chance of an infection.
Wear soft, supportive cotton underwear, and looser clothing in light, breathable fabrics.
Why Laser Circumcision
Laser circumcision is more beneficial than any other surgical procedure that is used to remove the foreskin. Because of this, most urologists and pediatric surgeons prefer to perform laser surgery. Some of the benefits associated with laser circumcision are:
- Less pain: The patient feels minimal or less pain when compared with other available foreskin removal methods.
- Less bleeding: Less or minimal bleeding is observed when compared with open circumcision surgery.
- No cuts or incisions: The surgeon wont make any cuts or incisions as in conventional surgery. Laser is used to remove the foreskin.
- Safer: In comparison to open surgery, laser circumcision is much safer as it avoids the occurrence of post-surgical complications.
- Quick discharge: The patient can go home on the same day of the surgery.
- Daycare procedure: Laser circumcision is performed as a daycare procedure, and so there is no need for hospitalization.
- Less risk of infection: The risk of infection is significantly less as this procedure involves no cuts or wounds.
- Quick treatment: One of the important benefits of laser surgery is that the duration to complete the treatment. The surgeon may take 15 to 25 minutes to complete the laser surgery.
- Faster healing: The patient who undergoes laser circumcision surgery can heal quickly and can get back to everyday routines within a few days.
- Easy to perform: Performing or conducting laser surgery is way easier than performing open surgery.
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When To See A Doctor
You should see your GP if you think you’ve got balanitis. This is to get the right treatment. Depending on your clinical history, it is also sensible to make sure that it isnt a sign of something more serious like a sexually transmitted infection .
You can also get yourself checked out at a sexual health clinic if you are worried because you have recently had unprotected sex, or sex with a new partner.
Anatomy And Histology Of Genital Skin
Development of the outer genitalia and similarities between male and female tissues
Skin structure of homologous male and female outer genitalia
|Multilayered, non-keratinizing epidermis, dermal tissue with abundant nerve endings|
|Foreskin||Outer part: epidermis with cornified layerInner part: non-keratinizing epidermis mucous epithelium no fat tissue|
|Frenulum||Non-keratinizing, mucous epithelium, no subcutaneous fat tissue|
|Penile shaft skin||Small labia||Penis: epidermis with cornified layer, highly flexible attachment to underlying tissue via Dartos fascia Labia: outer surface with thin cornified layer inner surface: no cornified layerBoth: no hair no fat tissue many elastic fibers|
|Scrotum||Hair bearing epidermis , epidermal cornified layerLabia: subcutaneous fat layer and smooth muscle cellsScrotum: no fat, but contractile Tunica Dartos with smooth muscle cells and myofibroblasts in obese patients: fat tissue|
Skin architecture and biomechanics
Microscopic structure of genital skin
Hormone responsiveness of genital skin
Hormonal differences between genital and non-genital skin of both sexes
AR: androgen receptor ER: oestrogen receptors DHT: dihydrotestosterone ASMA: alpha smooth muscle actin
Figure 3. Genital wound repair is influenced by moisture, hormones, biomechanics, microbial environment and specific skin morphology that differs from skin of other body parts
Hormonal influences on genital skin during menopause
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Why Are Some People Prone To Skin Cracking
I became acutely aware of how painful and slow-to-heal skin fissures and cracks can be as a child.
My mother was very prone to them from handwashing baby diapers and dirty dishes . and her hands seem to be constantly riddled with them which would cause her much discomfort.
When I became an adult, I noticed that I was also susceptible to them.
You can probably identify with this yourself or know of others in your family that may be in a similar boat.
What Should Be Done With Frenulum Tear
What should be done depends upon the severity of the tear. Sometimes, you can use a simple home remedy to get rid of foreskin cuts.
In other cases, a foreskin tear might need a doctors attention or even surgery to treat a major tear or a hole in the frenulum.
Want to find the right guidance on torn frenulum treatment? Keep reading.
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Home Remedies For Cracked Foreskin
Some frenulum tear may heal on their own and require no attention. It is not a major concern if the penile skin experiences slight bleeding with a little pain.
However, it is always better to prevent further damage and use basic aid to stop bleeding. Here are the steps for frenulum tear home remedy:
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water and pat it dry.
- Use a clean and hygienic dry cloth to stop the blood flow.
- Wash the injury with fresh water.
- Pat it dry with a sterile and soft cotton cloth.
- You can also use the ointment for foreskin tear to stop blood flow.
Why The Procedure Is Performed
Circumcision is often performed in healthy boys for cultural or religious reasons. In the United States, a newborn boy is often circumcised before he leaves the hospital. Jewish boys, however, are circumcised when they are 8 days old.
In other parts of the world, including Europe, Asia, and South and Central America, circumcision is rare in the general population.
The merits of circumcision have been debated. Opinions about the need for circumcision in healthy boys vary among providers. Some believe there is great value to having an intact foreskin, such as allowing for a more natural sexual response during adulthood.
In 2012 a task force of the American Academy of Pediatrics reviewed current research and found that the health benefits of newborn male circumcision outweigh the risks. They recommended that there should be access to this procedure for those families that choose it. Families should weigh the health benefits and risks in light of their own personal and cultural preferences. The medical benefits alone may not outweigh those other considerations.
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Viral Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Among these types of diseases are some of the best known STDs in the world and, in fact, wounds and lesions such as marks on the genitals are one of its main symptoms:
- HIV or human immunodeficiency virus
- Genital warts or HPV
- Molluscum contagiosum
If you ever notice that you have a foreskin wound, a brand like a chafing on the glans Or a mark with the appearance of an ulcer is possible that you have any of these diseases, although there are many more causes of this type of skin lesion so only a doctor can determine it.
How A Pharmacist Can Help
Speak to a pharmacist if your symptoms are mild or worrying you so they can offer the most appropriate treatment.
- antifungal medicine — clotrimazole — can help to reduce skin irritation if it is caused by thrush
- moisturisers — these can help to keep the skin moisturised and reduce itching associated with psoriasis or lichen planus. Ask for a product that wont further irritate the skin of your genital area
- cold compress — this can help to soothe itching and reduce swelling associated with lichen planus
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What Can I Do To Help Relieve Symptoms Of Balanitis
To ease the irritation and inflammation of balanitis, you should:
- Bathe often: Wash every day. Be sure to pull your foreskin back so you can clean underneath.
- Avoid harsh soaps: Try not to use strong soap or lotions that can irritate your skin.
- Stay dry: After urinating, dry the area under the foreskin so urine doesnt become trapped under the foreskin.
- Teach proper hygiene: Teach boys appropriate hygiene, especially if they are uncircumcised.
How Do People Get Balanitis
The most common cause of balanitis is poor hygiene in uncircumcised males. Other causes include:
- Genital yeast infection .
- Scabies infection.
- Sensitivity or allergy to harsh soaps or chemicals.
- Skin conditions that cause itchy, dry, scaly skin .
- Reactive arthritis, a type of arthritis that develops in response to an infection somewhere in the body.
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Wounds Caused During Sexual Intercourse
Finally, another of the most common causes of injuries to the skin of the male member is excessive friction during sexual intercourse and masturbation. So if you notice wounds on the foreskin after having intercourse or in another area of the member, and you know that you did not have them before, it is likely due to rough relationships in which friction produces this problem.
Wound Repair And Scarring Of Genital Skin
Ursula Mirastschijski1,2 Dongsheng Jiang3 Yuval Rinkevich3 Refaat Karim4 Heiko Sorg5,6
1 Center for Biomolecular Interactions Bremen, University of Bremen ,
Comprehensive Pneumology Center, Institute of Lung Biology and Disease , Helmholtz Zentrum München, Munich 85764, Germany .
5Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Klinikum Westfalen
6Department of Health, Faculty of Medicine, University Witten/Herdecke Witten 58455, Germany .
Correspondence Address: Prof. Ursula Mirastschijski, Center for Biomolecular Interactions Bremen, University of Bremen, Leobener Str/NW2, Bremen 28359, Germany. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received:First Decision:Revised:Accepted:Academic Editor:Copy Editor:Production Editor:
© The Author 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, for any purpose, even commercially, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
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Pathophysiology Of Chronic Genital Repair Processes
Foreign body granuloma
Many different substances are in use for penile enlargement, e.g., vaseline, paraffin, liquid mercury, silicone, or cod liver oil. A chronic inflammatory reaction due to foreign bodies was followed by granuloma formation, infections, swelling, and local tissue necrosis. Polymethylmethacrylat microspheres, autologous fat or silicone implants are approved in certain countries for penile enlargement surgery. The placement of permanent, alloplastic foreign body material in an environment populated by a variety of commensal microbes is risky due to the inherent danger of infection. In case of granuloma, tissue necrosis or implant infection, the foreign material must be removed with subsequent tissue loss. Foreign body materials can initiate a chronic inflammatory process with subcutaneous tissue fibrosis leading ultimately to a shrinkage of the entire penile shaft or to massive epitheloid cyst formation as seen in women after FGM/C. Of note, tissue shrinkage occurs in the subcutaneous compartment rather than in the penile shaft skin.
Who Is Affected By Balanitis
Balanitis primarily affects uncircumcised males because the moist, warm area under the foreskin is the ideal place for yeast and bacteria to grow. It can occur at any age and is more common in males who have phimosis . Groups with a higher risk of balanitis include men who:
- Practice poor hygiene.
- Are middle-aged or older.
- Have a sensitivity to chemical irritants.
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Physiology Of Genital Wound Healing And Scarring
Acute wound healing
Despite constant commensal colonization of genital skin and an absent cornified layer as a potent barrier against microbial penetration, most genital wounds heal quickly and uneventfully. Communication with colleagues from gynecology or urology mirrors our observations from genital reassignment or aesthetic genital surgery. In contrast to skin of other body parts, genital wound healing is characterized by initial swelling with fast resolution and by almost invisible scarring .
Figure 4. Clinical examples for genital scarring in male and female genitalia. A: almost invisible scar after circumcision. Note color differences between the inner and the outer part of the foreskin B: scrotal scarring after massive trauma and scrotal reconstruction C: invisible scarring after esthetic reduction of the small labia D: scarring seen in FGM/C after reconstructive surgery E, F: scarring after gender reassignment surgery: E: female-to-male gender reassignment with scarring between the clitoridal insertion sutures into the penoid which was performed by a thigh flap F: male-to-female gender reassignment situs with almost invisible scarring seen on the big labia
Influence of microbial colonization
When Should I Go And See A Doctor
Aside from usual home remedies and skin moisturizers for frenulum tear treatment, you should know when to see a doctor.
If the bleeding doesnt stop after a few hours despite using the basic aid, you should rush for the medical consultation. In such a case, the stitching may be required on your foreskin.
Some doctors also advise antibiotics in case of excessive bleeding. In extreme cases, you might be recommended for surgical treatment of foreskin tears called frenuloplasty.
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Circumcision For Older Boys And Men
Circumcision is a common treatment for many foreskin problems. The procedure in newborns is simple and fast, but it is much more complicated in older boys and men. After the first few weeks of life, circumcision usually requires epidural or general anaesthesia and about six weeks of recovery. Complications are uncommon, but can include bleeding, allergic reactions to anaesthesia or infection.
How Is Balanitis Diagnosed
Healthcare providers diagnose balanitis with a physical examination to determine if an infection is causing your symptoms. Your provider may swab your urethral opening and send the sample to a lab for testing. Your provider may also order a urine or blood test to check for diabetes and other infections.
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