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Dry Dark Patches On Skin

How To Prevent Hyperpigmentation And Dark Spots

How to get rid of dark patches on face? – Dr. Rashmi Ravindra
  • ALWAYS use broad-spectrum sun protection with a high UV protection factor all year long and even indoors if you are sitting right next to a window. If you are pregnant, we recommend using a mineral-based sunscreen. Be sure to protect not just your face, but also your hands to prevent sun-induced dark spots from forming. There are special anti-pigmentation hand creams you can use. Our tip: Just mix some sunscreen with your hand cream.
  • Dermatologists recommend avoiding prolonged sun exposure or tanning beds. These are among the most common causes of dark spots on the skin.
  • Wear a hat or other clothing to provide additional sun protection for your face and neck.
  • Support your skin with high-quality dark spot corrector products to get rid of dark spots and get hyperpigmentation under control.
  • Genetics are a major factor. Have you noticed that hyperpigmentation runs in your family? If that is the case, you should take special care of your skin and use suitable skincare products to prevent skin pigmentation from becoming worse.

What Else Should I Know

Skin areas with acanthosis nigricans can look dirty, but theyre not. Scrubbing the skin does not help and can irritate it. Gently clean the skin and dont use bleaches, skin scrubs, or over-the-counter exfoliating treatments.

Eating a healthy diet and getting regular physical activity can help lower insulin levels and improve skin appearance. Try these tips:

  • Choose whole grains and plenty of fruits and vegetables.
  • Offer water or low-fat milk instead of soda, juice, or other sugary drinks.
  • Limit highly processed foods, fatty foods, and sugary treats.
  • Encourage your child to be physically active every day.

What Are Black Spots On Skin

Generally, black spots on the skin can be divided into a few categories.

  • Dark or black marks on the skin that are due to hyperpigmentation caused by melanin in the skin.
  • Very dark skin growths that are usually harmless but can sometimes be the start of skin cancer.
  • Clogged pores that turn black when the air oxidizes the sebum plug in the pore.
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    Can Acanthosis Nigricans Be Prevented

    If obesity is causing AN, you can help prevent the condition through weight management. A diet that helps you keep your blood sugar levels in check can also help prevent AN.

    Other preventive steps include:

    • Managing medical conditions related to AN, such as thyroid problems and diabetes.
    • Avoiding medications, such as birth control pills, that can cause or worsen AN.

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  • A rough-feeling patch on skin that’s had lots of sun. You can often feel an AK before you see it.

    A rough-feeling patch on skin

    This man said that a small patch of skin on the back of his neck felt like sandpaper. Later, a visible AK appeared on his sandpaper-like patch of skin.

  • One or more rough, scaly bumps that may look like pimples or spots of irritated skin.

    Rough, scaly bumps that may looks like pimples

    The arrows on this womans face point to actinic keratoses.

  • Many scaly, raised spots on the skin that may look like a rash or acne breakout.

    Several scaly, raised spots that may look like a rash or acne breakout

    Many of the spots on this womans forehead, nose, and cheeks are actinic keratoses.

  • A raised, rough-feeling patch on your skin that may be red, pink, skin-colored, or gray.

    A raised, rough-feeling patch that may be red, pink, skin-colored, or gray

    The reddish, pink patch below this mans sideburn is an actinic keratosis.

  • Flat, scaly area that looks like an age spot. AKs more commonly look like age spots in people who have skin of color.

    Flat, scaly area that may look like an age spot

    The spot on this mans nose may look like an age spot, but its actually an actinic keratosis. AKs more commonly look like age spots in people who have skin of color.

  • A dry, scaly lip that never heals .

    A dry, scaly lip that never heals

    It may look like this man has a badly chapped lower lip, but the white, dry, and cracked skin is actually a precancerous growth.

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    Explore Otc Whitening Options

    The sooner you treat hyperpigmentation, the easier it will be to erase. The pigment in brown spots can move deeper into the skin over time, Dr. Downie explains.

    Spot-eradicating ingredients to look for in OTC treatments include azelaic and glycolic acids, vitamin C, and retinoids, says the American Academy of Dermatology Association .

    Treatments containing ingredients like vitamin C, licorice root, and kojic acid help reduce hyperpigmentation by inhibiting tyrosinase, an enzyme responsible for the formation of skin-darkening melanin,” says Ni’Kita Wilson, a cosmetic chemist in New York City. Research published in 2017 in the Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry supports Wilsons advice, noting that the knowledge of the link between tyrosinase and excess melanin development has led to the rise of multiple OTC products with the aforementioned ingredients.

    While many of these OTC ingredients have bleaching effects on dark spots, the AAD strongly cautions against applying liquid bleach to your skin. The group recommends sticking with products made in the United States, as some imported skin lightening products have been found to be contaminated with mercury, steroids, and other harmful ingredients.

    What Is Macular Amyloidosis Is It More Common In Females Lets Find Out More

    Edited By: NDTV Health Desk

    Dark patches on arms and legs can be macular amyloidosis

    Many times we come across people who have dark patches on the arms, forearms, upper back and legs. Sometimes we ourselves suffer from this skin problem but do not pay enough attention to them. Why are there dark patches on the skin? More precisely, what leads to these dark patches becoming visible on the upper skin. Dr Jaishree Sharad, a dermatologist, has said that this skin condition is known as Macular Amyloidosis. A person having this condition will show patches of dark skin colour due to the accumulation of abnormal proteins called amyloid.

    Causes

    Macular Amyloidosis can show up in any person but it is more common in females. Dr Sharad said, in an Instagram post, that it can be caused by prolonged ultraviolet exposure, friction due to loofah or scrubs and even scratching frequently. A person having hyperthyroidism and diabetes is more likely to develop Macular Amyloidosis. And, it can also be genetic, meaning an increased likelihood of its occurrence based on a person’s genetic makeup.

    Solutions

    Check Dr Sharad’s post here:

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    How Can I Prevent The Formation Of Hyperpigmentation

    Sun protection is the most significant step you can take in helping to prevent hyperpigmentation in the first place. Its important to remember that the suns rays affect skin even on cloudy days, so give your skin the daily protection it needs. As well as reducing hyperpigmentation, Eucerin Anti-Pigment Day SPF 30 and Anti-Pigment Day SPF30 Tinted in Light and Medium offer effective UVA and UVB protection and prevent the formation of additional sun-induced pigment spots. Used in combination with the Dual Serum as part of a holistic skincare routine, you can help prevent and reduce pigment spots. Used in combination with the Dual Serum, now in a mono-chamber pack but with same proven efficacy, as part of a holistic skincare routine will also help prevent and reduce pigment spots.

    Limiting skins exposure to the sun will also help to reduce instances of hyperpigmentation. Try to keep out of the sun during its most intense hours and wear protective clothing including sunhats and glasses whenever possible. When skin is exposed to the sun, apply and regularly reapply a sun protection product:

    • with a suitable SPF level
    • which has been specially formulated for your skin type and condition

    Black Spots On Skin: Causes Treatments Pictures And More

    Causes of dry, affected small skin patch on hand – Dr. Aruna Prasad

    Jenny Hills, Nutritionist and Medical Writer Health

    Black spots on skin can come in all shapes and sizes and can affect your face, shoulders, arms, or upper body. Some spots look like tiny black dots that resemble a black rash on your skin. Other types of black spots can be flat dark patches of skin whereas some can be raised black bumps or very dark moles.

    Very often, dark patches of skin appear as we get older. This can cause dark spots on areas of the body exposed to the sun. For example, black spots on the scalp are common on older men who are bald. Some causes of tiny black dots on the face could be blackheads, scabies, or tiny dark freckles. Other reasons for dark spots on the skin can be due to some dermatological conditions. Of course, you may be worried if a black spot or mole is skin cancer.

    Depending on the cause, dark spots on the skin may be itchy or irritate the surrounding area. Itching or scratching some black spots or dark skin tags on your skin may cause them to bleed easily.

    Treating black spots on the face or skin usually requires addressing the underlying issue. In some cases, you should consult a dermatologist for treatment advice for black moles that appear to grow or have an irregular edge.

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    Signs And Symptoms Of Black Spots On Skin

    Dark spots on your skin can vary in color from a dark brown color to black. Usually, very dark spots or skin patches that are caused by hyperpigmentation are dark flat patches on the skin. These kinds of flat dark spots dont usually itch. Flat dark patches of skin are common on the face, scalp, arms, and neck.

    Black skin spots could be raised itchy dark bumps that are painless. These mole-like spots can be of varying sizes and they may have the appearance of hanging off the skin. If you have acne-prone skin, you wont just have tiny black dots on the surface of the skin, but you may have raised red pimples or pustules that are filled with pus.

    Do Crusty Patches Hurt

    Although most people can only see skin changes, crusty patches can:

    • Feels soft or painful when touched
    • Stick to clothes, causing discomfort

    If you find that your skin changes may be an actinic keratosis, please consult a dermatologist certified by the board to protect your health. If this change is crusty patches, you are at greater risk of skin cancer. Under the care of a dermatologist certified by the board of directors, skin cancer can be highly cured and detected early.

    Although severely damaged skin from sunlight or indoor tanning can significantly increase your risk of AK, other things can also increase your risk.

    Actinic keratosis begins with thick, scaly, sty skin patches. These color blocks are usually about the size of a small eraser. There may be itching or burning in the affected area.

    Over time, the lesion will disappear, expand, remain unchanged or develop into SCC. It is impossible to know which lesions may become cancerous. However, if you notice any of the following changes, you should have your doctor check your spots immediately. If cancer develops, dont panic. In the early stages, cancer is relatively easy to detect and treat.

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    How To Prevent Dark Spots On Skin

    1) Use Sunscreen – Using sunscreen protects your skin from the sun damage that causes brown spots on skin. By using a high SPF sunscreen – you can prevent your skin from becoming damaged and ensure that it’s as healthy as possible to combat dark spots on skin.

    2) Cover Up – Brown spots on face, neck and other overexposed areas can be prevented by covering them from the sun. Even if you use sunscreen, these areas are still more prone to dark spots than others. Try a baseball cap or a broad-brimmed hat to offer your face and neck protection from the sun.3) Avoid The Midday Sun – The sun is at its hottest and most intense between 12:00 and 14:00. During these hours you are much more likely to suffer from sun damage that can lead to brown spots on skin. To prevent this, find some shade during this part of the day, and enjoy the sun at times when it isn’t as damaging to your skin.

    What Else To Do About Dry Itchy And Scaly Skin

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    Moisturizing daily is an obvious solution to dryness, but your entire skincare regimen should help you avoid skin issues. Wash with a mild cleanser, take shorter showers with lukewarm water, and apply sunscreen daily, as UV rays can also lead to dryness.

    Opt for moisturizers with ingredients that supplement those found naturally in the skin, such as lipids, ceramides, cholesterol, and hyaluronic acid, Dr. Gohara suggested.

    Ultimately, if youre still having issues with your skin or difficulties with skin conditions, see a dermatologist to determine treatment options that may be best for you.

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    What Happens At Your Appointment

    Although acanthosis nigricans is usually harmless, it’s best to get any skin changes checked out.

    Rarely, it can be a sign of something more serious, such as cancer.

    A GP can usually tell if it’s acanthosis nigricans by looking at your skin.

    You may need some tests to find out what’s causing the patches.

    Topical Treatments For Melasma

    • Hydroquinone: This medicine is a common first treatment for melasma and works by lightening the skin. Hydroquinone comes as a cream, lotion, gel, or liquid and is applied to the skin.
    • Tretinoin and corticosteroids: Both of these help with lightening the color of the patches on the skin. They come in gels, creams and lotions.
    • Other topical medicines: Other topical treatments that may be prescribed to help lighten melasma include azelaic acid or kojic acid.

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    Skin Discoloration: Causes And Treatments

    Skin discoloration can be bothersome, especially when it occurs on your face. It may be a normal part of the aging process or may be something to be concerned about.

    A person’s skin color can change throughout their life for a variety of reasons. Certain health conditions can cause changes to a person’s skin color such as hypopigmentation, which is the whitening or lightening of the skin, or hyperpigmentation, the darkening of the skin.

    Skin discoloration can affect large or small patches of skin, and it can be a natural part of aging or the sign of an underlying condition that needs medical attention.

    This article explains the different types of skin discoloration, such as melasma, rosacea, skin cancer, and vitiligoa common cause of white patches on the face. It also details different skin discoloration treatments and when to see a dermatologist about skin discoloration.

    Medications That Cause Dark Spots

    Causes of discoloured patches on skin?-Dr. Nischal K

    These consist of medications that make your skin more sensitive without necessarily getting exposed to sunlight. Use of such medications in the treatment of other underlying medical conditions promotes the appearance of dark spots at any area of your skin. They include:

    • Estrogens: These are medications used in the treatment of hormonal imbalances in women especially in birth controls or in treating postmenopausal symptoms. They come in form of pills, injections, implants, or patches.
    • Tetracyclines: These are antibiotics used in the treatment of skin infections such as acne or rosacea.
    • Amiodarone: These are medications used in treating several heart problems including high blood pressure.
    • Phenytoin: If you suffer from epilepsy, your physicians may recommend Phenytoin to help in overcoming seizures. The use of this drug can lead to formation of dark spots on your skin.
    • Phenothiazines: This doesnt qualify to be a drug but a compound contained in medications used in the treatment of psychosis and its also contained in some antihistamines.
    • Sulfonamides: It is a chemical found in certain antimicrobial and diuretic drugs.

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    How Does Pigmentation Work

    Pigmentation is the result of a complex 4-stage process:

    1/ Ultraviolet rays and biological mediators stimulate the pigmentation process and therefore the melanin-producing function of cells called melanocytes.

    2/ Melanin is produced by melanocytes.

    3/ The melanin thus produced is distributed through the two layers of the epidermis.

    4/ It then migrates to the skins surface through the ongoing renewal of cells in the epidermis.

    Rough Skin By Location

    Face: If facial moisturizer doesnt help improve dry rough patches on skin in spots like around the nose and eyebrows as well as on the hairline, ears and neck, a skin condition may be to blame. Persistent, irritated rough skin with thick scales may be due to psoriasis,2 while red, rough skin on the cheeks may be caused eczema.2

    Hands: Rough hands are usually caused by dry skin. The hands are especially prone to dryness because they have fewer oil glands5 and are exposed to a variety of harsh environmental factors. Frequent hand-washing, contact with chemicals and extreme weather conditions all deplete moisture from the skin and can lead to rough skin.7

    Feet: Similar to the hands, the feet have a limited number of oil glandswhich means this skin can become thick and dry.4 Rough skin on feet can be accompanied by calluses due to friction caused by wearing shoes, and cracked heels that result from the feet supporting the bodys weight.

    Arms: There can be several causes of rough skin on arms, including dry skin,4 eczema,3 psoriasis,2keratosis pilaris8 and sun exposure.9

    Elbows: Rough bumpy skin due to dryness is common on the elbows, although redness covered with white rough patches on skin of the elbows may be psoriasis.10 Red rough patches on skin inside the elbows can be caused by eczema.3

    Neck: Frequently seen in men who shave regularly, rough skin on the neck may be due to folliculitis,11 razor burn or ingrown hairs.

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