Easy Tips For Hydrating And Healing Dry Facial Skin
Do you know someone who always has hydrated, radiant, glowing skin all year round, year after year? Neither do we. Youd have better luck finding an actual pet unicorn than someone who has never had dry skin. It happens to the best of us.
Unfortunately, a womans face is usually the first place one notices the appearance and feel of dry skin. To top it all off, dry facial skin is often more annoyingand more noticeablethan dry skin on, say, your knees or elbows.
So, if youre wondering how to make those dry patches on your face as smooth as a babys bottom, youre in the right place! The beauty experts at SiO Beauty will tell you everything you need to know.
In this post, well go over the difference between dry skin and dehydrated skin, as well as the causes of dry facial skin. Then well reveal the 12 best ways to hydrate and heal your face so that only beautiful, glowing skin shines through.
Razor Burn And Razor Bumps On Face
Shaving facial hair is one reason why many men get red sore bumps on their face.
Razors bumps are small red bumps that appear on shaved areas of the face. According to dermatologist Dr. Amanda Oakley, razor bumps occur when ingrown facial hairs cause inflammation when the hair has been shaved. This can cause a red bumpy rash that looks like acne on the cheeks, chin, and neck after shaving.1
Razor burns can cause an irritating red rash with tiny red bumps on the shaved facial area. The irritated skin can be tender to touch and start itching. Depending on the severity of razor burns, dead skin cells can also block pores and cause larger pus-filled pimples on your face.
To help prevent razor bumps appearing, dermatologist Dr. Wendy Levinbook from Hartford Dermatology Associates recommends to always shave in the direction of the growing hair. You should also avoid shaving too closely and use as few shaving strokes as possible.2
Primary Vs Secondary Skin Lesions
Skin lesions are either primary or secondary. Primary skin lesions are either present from birth or develop during your lifetime.
Secondary skin lesions arise from primary skin lesions. This can happen when a primary skin lesion is:
- Changes over time
For example, if eczema is scratched, a crust may form. The crust is a secondary lesion.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Keratosis Pilaris
Keratosis pilaris usually results in small, hard, flesh-coloured or white lumps, which can have an acne-like or rough appearance. The bumps, which can pepper the skin, are commonly found on areas of dry skin on the upper arms, thighs, chest and, sometimes, the face.
The affected skin may become sandpaper-like. If the bumps cause itching or irritation, they may become red and slightly inflamed and cause scarring.
Many bumps will also contain an ingrown hair.
What Is Dry Skin
Dry skin is skin that doesnt have enough moisture in it to keep it feeling soft. The medical term for dry skin is xeroderma . Xerosis is severely dry skin. Dry skin feels like rough patches of your skin that can flake or look scaly. If your skin is dry, it may or may not be itchy . Severe dry skin may crack and bleed.
What are the types of dry skin?
Types of dry skin include:
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Wash Your Face Gently
When selecting a face wash, avoid soaps and cleansers that contain harsh ingredients, like:
Syndets, or synthetic cleaning agents, are another beneficial soap ingredient. They often contain chemicals, such as sulphur trioxide, sulphuric acid, and ethylene oxide, which are gentle on sensitive skin.
Take care to be gentle as you apply soaps or cleansers to your face.
Use your fingertips to gently rub your face instead of using a more abrasive sponge or washcloth. Dont scrub the skin on your face, as this can cause irritation.
How Does Dry Skin Affect My Body
Dry skin changes the texture of your skin from soft to rough. This can cause your skin to feel itchy or change color from your normal skin tone. You can have dry skin patches, which are small areas of dry skin, or dry skin could affect a larger area of your skin. Dry skin is usually harmless and only causes temporary discomfort until youre able to rehydrate your skin with a moisturizer.
Severely dry skin is fragile and easily flakes or cracks, which can turn into a painful sore. In the event of skin sore from dry skin, take care of your skin like you would an injury or wound to prevent infection.
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Cold Sores Causing Bumps On Lips
Cold sores, or fever blisters, will cause sore bumps on your lips that blister and then crust over.
Cold sores are caused by the herpes simplex type 1 virus and can cause lip sores if you are under stress, have a weakened immune system, or have been exposed to strong sunlight.
According to Dr. Neha Pathak on WebMD, cold sores generally show up on the outside of your mouth and lips, although they can also appear in the nose. The first signs of a fever blister might be a tingling sensation. Then a cluster of blisters will form on your lip. They will ooze fluid and then form into a scab.5
One way to get rid of a cold sore bump on your lip naturally is to apply raw honey. The journal Medical Science Monitor reported on a study showing that raw, natural honey can act as a natural antiviral treatment. In fact, research has shown that raw honey for cold sores is just as effective as acyclovir, which is an antiviral medication commonly used to treat cold sores.6
All you need to do to get rid of cold sore bumps is to dab a little raw honey 3 to 4 times a day to help speed up the healing time and soothe discomfort the lip bump causes. The best honey to use is Manuka honey for its healing and antimicrobial properties.
Bumps Due To Ingrown Hairs
Most of us have experienced ingrown hair on our bodies or faces at some point as a result of hair removal. Normally, when hair regrows, it grows up and above the skin. But if it starts to curl instead, it may get trapped and form a small, raised, reddened bump that may or may not be filled with pus. Those with thick, curly hair tend to develop ingrown hairs more often than people with fine, thin hair, but no one is completely immune.
The best way to prevent ingrown hair is by not waxing, shaving, or plucking, but thats not always a practical option for some people who are committed to hair removal, explains Dr. Garden. Other ways to limit ingrown hairs are to always wash the skin with a mild soap and rub a lubricating shaving cream gel on the skin before shaving.
If your razor is several uses old, replace it with a fresh one, as dull blades dont make clean, precise cuts and can increase your risk for ingrown hair, says Dr. Garden.
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What Is The Treatment For Keratosis Pilaris
Keratosis pilaris may improve on its own without treatment. It is also considered a harmless condition that does not require treatment.
However, many patients have cosmetic concerns and request treatment to reduce skin roughness and redness.
Treatments for keratosis pilaris that may help relieve skin roughness, redness, and dryness on the face and body include:
- Using mild soaps or soap-free cleansers and avoiding hot baths or showers
- Gentle removal of dead skin with a loofah or at-home microdermabrasion kit
- Moisturizing creams that contain urea or lactic acid to relieve itch or dryness
- Medications to remove dead skin cells and diminish the appearance of the bumps
- Alpha hydroxyl acid
Tip #: Prioritize Hydration
Studies show that damage to your skins natural moisture barrier can leave your skin vulnerable to dehydration, which can result in chapped, rough, or even flaky skin.I One of the most effective ways to keep your skin moisture barrier healthy is by ensuring its well-hydrated. While drinking plenty of water can help keep your skin hydrated, its also important to use topical moisturizers to deliver moisture directly to your skin.
Look for products with humectant moisturizers, like Hydro-Plumping Hydrating Serum, which contains glycerin and a unique epidermal hydration filler. The lightweight formula deeply hydrates dry skin while encouraging the skins natural production of hyaluronic acid, one of the key components responsible for maintaining skin hydration. Its suitable for all skin types and can be used daily to promote smoother, plumper-looking skin.
We also recommend adding a hydrating mask into your regular skincare routine. Try Avocado Nourishing Hydration Mask, which stars avocado oil and evening primrose oil. The rich, creamy face mask nourishes the skin and helps seal in moisture to prevent water loss. Within just one use, the replenishing formula leaves skin feeling hydrated and softer.* Use this moisturizing mask up to three times per week for supple, conditioned skin.
*Consumer perception study, US: 55 subjects, all skin types, immediate time point.
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Eczema Or Atopic Dermatitis
Eczema is an autoimmune skin disorder that can lead to dry or scaly patches on the face. The disorder can also affect the skin to develop rough surface with itchy spots. Occasionally, eczema can also manifest itself on the skin by showing small red bumps that burst, ooze out fluids and finally crust over.
Eczema is a common condition that affects the skin of babies and children. Your Infants and toddlers may show up dry spots or patches on face. Also, teenagers and adults can be affected by eczema on the skin to develop a dry scaly skin on the face.
What Are Skin Tags
Skin tags are one of the most common types of benign skin growths. They are soft, fleshy pieces of skin that are usually connected to the skin by a small stem. Skin tags are made up of regular fat and tissue. They can be flesh-colored or become darker than your skin, especially if there is no blood supply to the skin tag. Although they can appear anywhere, skin tags are often found around the eyes, under the arms, or on the neck.
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What Is Skin Texture
Skin texture is the condition of the surface of your skin. Ideally, the skin is smooth, soft, and supple, but it can be uneven or dull due to dry skin, blemishes, loss of collagen from aging, sun damage, or lack of exfoliation.
Uneven skin texture is commonly a result of excess dead skin cells that build up on the surface of the skin, cosmetic dermatologist Paul Jarrod Frank, MD told . This can make areas of the skin feel rough or bumpy to the touch and can also give the skin a dull appearance.
Meet the Expert
Dr. Paul Jarrod Frank is a world-renowned cosmetic dermatologist with offices in New York City, the Hamptons, and Miami. He is also Chief Medical Officer and founder of PFRANKMD Skincare.
Sun damage and exposure to environmental toxins are often the most culpable reasons for uneven texture, which can be pinpointed to symptoms like dry patches and red bumps. Furthermore, the thinness of facial skin makes it more likely for signs of aging to appear here before other areas of the body, exacerbating those symptoms even more. Given all of this, why is it that skin texture isnt often considered in our regimens?
Certain Medical Conditions Can Cause Dry Skin
Skin issues such as psoriasis and eczema can make your skin more prone to dryness, Frieling says. But dry skin could also indicate something seemingly unrelated, such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, malnutrition, kidney failure, or Sjögren’s syndrome, according to Harvard Health and Penn Medicine. So how might you know if the dryness is the result of something run-of-the-mill like the weather or something more serious? Frieling says to be on the lookout for inflamed areas, crusting, intense itchiness, hyperpigmentation, and rough, flaky, or scaly patches on the skin and take those as a hint its time to visit a doctor. Once youve nailed down the root cause for the dryness, your doctor can help you determine the proper treatment.
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What You Should Avoid When Your Skin Is Dry Or Flaky
- Long, hot showers or baths
- Harsh astringents or toners, which can strip the skin of its natural moisture
- Excessive sun exposure or skimping on sunscreen
- Aggressive chemical peels and exfoliators
- Over-cleansing with drying cleansers or soaps
- Highly fragranced skincare products containing drying alcohols
- Vigorous scrubbing, over-exfoliation, or scratching your skin
What Are Closed Comedones
Closed comedones are non-infected, clogged pores. They appear as white bumps on the skin and are often what clients are talking about when they complain about their skin texture. Closed comedones are not as round or firm as milia, but when left untreated, they tend to hang around for long periods of time. In fact, they tend to require manual removal .
Closed comedones can eventually turn into pustules or papules . This happens when oxygen cant get into the pore, which is blocked. This creates the perfect environment for breakout-causing bacteria to thrive.
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How To Get Rid Of Milia
If you already have milia, I have some tips for you. Because they sit under layers of hard, keratinized skin, they generally never come to a head. This means you cant easily remove them on your own, so you should NOT try to extract them yourself. Youll only end up damaging your skin. Instead, you need to have them removed by a licensed professional, whether a dermatologist or esthetician.
Once you find a licensed professional, they will likely remove the milia in one of two waysmanual extraction or electric cauterization . To manually extract milia, a professional will pierce the bump with a lancet and then gently squeeze it to physically extract the hardened oil. When using an electric cauterizer, the bump will also be pierced with a small needle, but the oil and keratin will dissolve by heat. The third option for milia removal is cryotherapy, which involves freezing milia off using liquid nitrogen.
What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor
If youre concerned about dry skin, talk to your healthcare provider. You may want to ask:
- Whats making my skin so dry?
- Should I get tested for allergies?
- What are the best treatments for dry skin?
- How can I prevent dry skin?
- What are the best treatments for itchy skin?
- What over-the-counter cleansers and moisturizers do you recommend for dry skin?
- Should I look out for any signs of complications?
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How Do Bumps On Face Look Like
You might have large red facial bumps if they are caused by infected or blocked pores on your forehead, cheeks, chin or nose, These can appear as just one or two pimples or you may have a cluster of inflamed and swollen red pores. These pustules may be tender to touch and become filled with pus.
Not all bumps that appear on your face are caused by acne and become red pimples that look unsightly. Raised skin bumps can sometimes be a result of a keratin buildup under your skin that causes small white bumps or skin colored bumps on your face. These types of spots generally dont have other symptoms other than giving your face a bumpy appearance.
How Do You Treat Rough And Bumpy Skin
Well, that depends on the cause of your skin texture. “It can be very beneficial to get a diagnosis from a dermatologist,” Dr. Ingleton explains. “Because if your skin texture issues are from a condition like eczema or psoriasis, youll require a very different treatment from if youre dealing with clogged pores.” When texture issues are due to the buildup of dead cells, Dr. Ciraldo recommends in-office treatments, like a HydraFacial , a higher strength glycolic acid peel , or a salicylic acid peel. “Superficial chemical peels or ‘lunchtime peels’ are very safe, have little to no downtime, and can be an effective way to smooth your skins texture,” Dr. Ingleton adds. “I especially recommend this for skin of color, since its not likely to irritate and cause hyperpigmentation.”
And when texture issues are caused by changes in dermal collagen, Dr. Ciraldo suggests microneedling , filler injections, or TCA peels. Depending on your skin type, your derm might even suggest laser treatments to help remove discoloration and smooth uneven texture. “For a deeper treatment, fractional laser resurfacing, like Fraxel, can also be used and can be helpful, especially for textured acne scars,” Dr. Ingleton says.
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