Are Skin Treatments Safe
If you use them correctly, yes. The Environmental Protection Agency says that using them wrong is a major cause of negative reactions. Common mistakes include treating a cat with a product meant for dogs, or using a large dog dose on a small dog. Check with your vet if you aren’t sure which dose is right for your pet.
Treatment For A Bacterial Infection
First, bathe your dog with a good quality medicated shampoo that contains an antibacterial agent.
I found a great medicated shampoo to try is Derma Treat.
Derma-Treat has antibacterial, antiseptic, and antifungal properties that treats many skin irritations in dogs.
Derma-Treat is highly regarded by holistic MDs and has even been voted as the professional groomers’ ultimate choice for severe cases of skin problems where nothing else seems to
Baths should be given twice a week for the first 2 weeks, then scale down to once a week for a month and finally just once a month.
Antibiotics and/or ear-drops may be prescribed by your veterinarian for a bacterial skin infection. But be warned, if you just treat the infection with antibiotics alone, and don’t determine the root cause, it may come back time and time again.
What Is The Prognosis For Treating Fungal Dermatitis
Yeast infections can generally be treated long-term and you may see less itching within a week of starting the prescribed treatment.
If your dog has an underlying issue such as a compromised immune system or allergy, how well these conditions can be treated and controlled will determine the outcome. Some dogs will experience secondary yeast or bacterial skin infections along with severe skin allergies – sometimes two to three times each year.
If this is the case, your veterinarian can develop a custom treatment plan for your dog to help manage the condition.
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Symptoms Of Fungal & Bacterial Skin Infection In Dogs
These are common signs of both fungal and staph infection in dogs.
Common clinical symptoms of yeast dermatitis include:
- Recurring or chronic ear infections
- Itchiness and redness
- Elephant skin or thickened skin
- Crusty, scaly or flaky skin
Common clinical symptoms of staph infection include:
- Pus-filled lesions on the skin
- Excessive licking, itching or chewing
- Patchy fur with peeling, moist or crusty skin
- Systemic infections in the ears, eyes, skin or respiratory system
What Is Pyoderma In Dogs
Pyoderma is the medical term for a bacterial skin infection and it is one of the most common diseases in dogs. Dogs are at increased risk for pyoderma due to many features of their skin. For example, a dogs skin has a thinner outer barrier and possesses a higher pH than many other species, making it easier for normal bacteria living on the skin to overgrow and for other bacteria to invade.
Damage to the normal skin barrier also predisposes dogs to pyoderma. This is often seen with pets who scratch and lick their skin. Any area of the skin can be infected depending on the type of pyoderma affecting your dog.
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How To Tell The Difference Between Ear Mites And Yeast Infection
Yeast infections in dogs ears typically result in head shaking and rubbing, itching, odor, redness, and brown discharge. Ear mites in dogs have many of the same symptoms, however, there are a few slight differences. Ear mites cause a dark discharge from the ear that can be waxy or crusty. Ear mites are also barely visible to the naked eye, extremely itchy, and very contagious to other animals. If your dog is experiencing any of these symptoms, contact your vet so they can determine whether its a yeast infection or ear mites and the best option for treatment.
Brewer’s Yeast Flea Combs
Some people feed their pets brewerâs yeast in the hopes that the smell will ward off fleas. But there is no science to support this. One âgreenâ strategy that does work: the flea comb. Flea combs are completely nontoxic and offer a way to remove fleas from pets that canât take medication.
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Diagnosis Of Skin Odor And Discharge In Dogs
- History is very important for proper diagnosis of skin diseases. Your veterinarian will ask questions regarding the age of onset, progression of disease, and response to previous treatments.
- Skin cytology provides useful information on the type and severity of infection. Your veterinarian may take samples of skin .
- In some cases, a biopsy may be necessary to establish a final diagnosis. Some samples may be used for cultures of various types while others may be sent to a pathologist to obtain more information about the cells that are present in the skin. This is a fairly safe procedure and stitches may be places in the areas where biopsies were taken. They can be removed after 7 to 10 days.
Herbal Remedy For Bacterial Skin Infections In Dogs
For a skin infection that’s NOT deep-rooted i.e. a superficial scrape, cut, or abrasion, natural remedies work well.
While studying natural remedies for dogs, I made careful notes of some holistic treatments recommended by Dr. Randy Kidd that you can try. See below:
Choose one or more of the following herbs and brew into a tea:
Calendula has antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties. It’s an excellent herb to choose as it also speeds up healing and encourages tissues growth. Calendula contains salicylic acid as a pain-relieving agent also found in Asprin.
Aloe the fresh juice of aloe is especially useful for wounds and burns including sunburn. Take the leaf of a raw aloe plant and squeeze the juice directly onto the wound.
Chamomile Chamomile speeds wound healing and work particularly well for inflamed cuts. It can also calm a dog’s anxiety when applied topically.
Lavender aids in healing while easing aches and pains.
Mullein promotes healing and soothes inflamed areas.
Plantain The leaf acts as a drawing agent when used as a poultice. Suitable for removing foreign bodies that may be deep in wounds.
St-John’s-wort eases pain, speed healing of wounds, especially good with bruises, and mild burns.
Yarrow – Stops bleeding from oozing wounds and is an excellent healing herb.
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Are Allergies The Culprit
If your dog is frequently itchy or has recurring skin infections, allergies could be the reason. As we mentioned above, its important to consult your vet to properly diagnosis any skin allergies your dog is having. But you can also learn more about which foods and environmental factors could be causing your dog problems by giving him an at-home dog allergy test kit.
Health Problem For Humans
People can get many of the same tick-borne diseases that affect dogs. Lyme disease is probably the best known. One of the first symptoms is a bullâs-eye rash. You canât catch tick-borne diseases directly from your pet, but the same ticks that bite your animals can nibble on you, too. When you remove a tick from your animal, don’t touch the tick’s blood.
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Hot Spots Acute Moist Dermatitis In Dogs
Acute moist dermatitis is the medical term for a hot spot. It is a common skin condition that usually appears rather quickly on the skin of dogs. It is a raw, red area that is caused by repeated irritation- usually biting, chewing, and/or licking. These lesions can grow and worsen in severity very quickly, so it is imperative that you address the issue as soon as possible.
A Hot Spot typically appears relatively quickly on any area of the body, although the tail base, flank, and neck are some of the most common. The area usually appears red, raised, irritated and has some degree of hair loss. The dog will chew or lick at the area and it is usually quite painful. This condition can result in a skin infection and can cause lethargy, inappetence and fever depending upon the severity.
Hot Spots are a relatively common skin condition in dogs. They occur when your pet repeatedly licks or chews a certain area. The initial cause can be an insect bite such as a mosquito, tick, or flea, an allergic reaction , or almost any other irritation. In some dogs collars have been known to cause enough irritant to incite the formation of a hot spot. A damp hair coat also provides the perfect environment for the formation of a skin infection which can result in a hot spot. Breeds of dogs such as Golden Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers and dogs with loose and/or excess skin and wrinkles can be more prone to hot spots.
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Staph Infections In Dogs: The 411
The most common type of staph infection is staph dermatitis . The genus of bacteria that causes it, Staphylococcus, normally reside on the skin of both people and dogs without causing issues. But when a dogs skin becomes irritated or damaged, like with a cut, wound, or scrape, the bacteria enters the body and multiplies, causing a skin infection.
Signs of a staph infection often include pus at the wound site, along with redness, sensitivity, and crusting of the surrounding skin. If left untreated, serious staph infections may progress to septicemia and death.
The bacteria that cause staph are widespread and mostly harmless. However, a select few, such as Staphylococcus aureus, may cause infection in nearly any part of your dogs body, like the heart, brain, spinal cord, urinary system, or reproductive organs. These diseases usually present with symptoms of fever and weakness but are ultimately quite rare.
These infections can sometimes be resistant to antibiotics. This type of infection, known as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius in dogs, can pose a serious risk to your pets health.
If you suspect your pup has a staph infection, its time to head to your local vets office.
Dogs skin with dermatitis, which puts this dog at risk of developing a staph infection
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Treatment For Hot Spots
If you suspect your dog may have a hot spot, the first step is a visit to your veterinarian. While it may be tempting to wait for the hot spot to resolve on its own, delaying treatment will only make the problem worse. In order to treat the hot spot effectively and prevent it from recurring, your veterinarian will need to determine the underlying cause. They will perform a full physical examination on your dog, and may recommend additional testing such as a skin scrape to look for parasites. Once the underlying cause of your dogs itching has been diagnosed, your veterinarian will prescribe appropriate treatment.
Treatment of hot spots typically involves some combination of the following:
- Applying an Elizabethan collar to prevent continued scratching.
Fortunately, once your veterinarian has initiated treatment for the hot spot, most dogs improve rapidly. In many cases, the hot spot resolves in as little as 3 to 7 days after the start of treatment.
Dermatoses Erosive Or Ulcerative In Dogs
Erosions are shallow defects in the skin that only affect the skin’s upper layers. They can be quite painful, but tend to heal quickly if the skin is protected and the underlying cause is eliminated. With ulcers, the surface layers of the skin are compromised completely, since the defects go deeper into the skin. Ulcers require careful wound care to prevent infection, and tend to heal slowly. Erosive, or ulcerative, dermatoses are from a group of dissimilar skin disorders characterized by the presence of erosions or ulcers.
The condition or disease described in this medical article can affect both dogs and cats. If you would like to learn more about how this disease affects cats, please visit this page in the PetMD health library.
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Flea Warning Signs: Cats
The easiest way to find fleas on a cat is to use a flea comb . Especially check the neck and around the base of the tail. You also can check the belly. You may see the fleas — small dark spots that move — or their droppings, which look like specks of dirt. Lots of scratching and hair loss are also signs that fleas may be feasting on your feline.
What Is Fungal Dermatitis In Dogs
Fungal dermatitis is also known as a yeast infection or Malessezia dermatitis, as its caused by the fungus Malessezia pachydermatis.
This fairly common inflammatory skin condition is referred to as a yeast infection, and can occur when the yeast that normally lives in your pets ears, mucocutaneous areas and skin reproduces uncontrollably and overpopulates these areas.
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Signs That Your Dog May Have A Bacterial Or Fungal Skin Infection
Dogs suffering from a fungal skin infection will typically show one or more of the following symptoms:
- Flaky, crusty or scaly skin
- Redness and itchiness
- Recurring or chronic ear infections
If your dog has a staph infection you may notice one or more of these symptoms:
- Excessive itching, licking or chewing
- Eye, ear, skin or respiratory system infections
- Patchy fur with peeling, crusty skin, or moist skin
- Inflamed or red skin
- Pus-filled sores on the skin
When To See The Vet
Although most skin problems are not emergencies, it is important to get an accurate diagnosis so the condition can be treated. See your veterinarian if your dog is scratching or licking excessively, or if you notice any changes in your pet’s coat or skin, including scaling, redness, discoloration, or bald patches. Once the cause is identified, most skin problems respond well to treatment.
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What To Do If Your Dog Has A Hot Spot: Causes & Treatments
The term hot spot is used quite often when people outside the veterinary profession talk about dog skin problems. However, most of the skin issues clients think are hot spots, really arent.
An example of a hot spot.
What is a Hot Spot?
In medical jargon, a hot spot is called pyotraumatic dermatitis. True hot spots are patches of very inflamed, painful, and moist skin. They often develop rapidly, sometimes in less than an hour, as a result of intense scratching. As the inflamed skin oozes, the surrounding hair sticks tight over the area creating an ideal environment for bacteria to grow. The inflammation involved causes the skin to become warm, which is why they are called hot spots. A foul odor, produced by bacterial infection, is typically the last symptom to develop. This is because hot spots are not actually caused by bacteria on the skin, they are caused by allergy, however any stimulus which causes a dog to scratch intensely at one location can result in a hot spot.
How are hot spots and pustules different?
An example of a pustule.
How are hot spots and pustules treated?
What should I watch for at home during treatment?
What follow-up is needed?
If you believe that your pet may have a hot spot, making an appointment with your veterinarian is the best way to get them the treatment that they need.
Dog Chafing: What To Do And How To Help
Dogs can suffer from various forms of skin irritation over the course of their lifetimes. Chafed skin is perhaps the easiest to address, since it doesnt involve yeast or bacteria. Chafing is simply an abrasionsomething has literally been rubbing your dogs skin the wrong way. Usually, this is caused by a harness or collar, or possibly a life jacket or dog outfit. Sometimes, its simply the result of two parts of the body rubbing together.
This padded harness can prevent chafing.
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Most Common Bumps And Lumps On Puppies
Thankfully, cancer in puppies is rare. The most common types of lumps or bumps found on puppies are warts, skin tags, button tumors, and abscesses. In these cases, your vet may recommend a wart ointment or other skin treatment. There are also some products that claim to help dissolve normal fatty skin lumps on dogs. Its also not unusual for puppies to develop swelling at their vaccination injection site, caused by a conglomeration of immune cells that gather there.
Typically, this swelling subsides within a week. However, in rare cases, this gathering of cells can turn into a malignant tumor. Contact your vet if a vaccination lump lasts more than a week. They may advise you to keep a watchful eye on it and bring your pup in for a biopsy if the lump continues past three months, is more than an inch in diameter, or continues to grow or change shape.
Although its rare, it is possible for puppies to develop certain types of cancer, so its important to have any lumps, bumps, or other changes in your puppys skin examined by a veterinarian.
Bacterial Skin Infections In Dogs
Bacterial skin infections can have many causes, such as allergies. Regardless of the reason, skin infections require swift action by pet owners as they cause itching and pain. Some dogs are more vulnerable to develop bacterial skin infections than others.
Its important to check common areas like the paws, groins and armpits. Skinfolds are particularly prone to skin infections, and dogs with heavy pendulous ears are very susceptible to infections. These infections happen because long, heavy ears can promote bacterial growth. However, any dog can develop a skin infection, so you should be on the lookout for warning signs.
Symptoms of skin infections include redness, itching, hair loss, bumps, pustules, and spots. Your vet may be able to diagnose by looking however, a conclusive diagnosis requires the examination of hair, discharge, and skin cultures. Some of the tests and procedures your vet may conduct include:
- Skin scrapes and hair plucks.
- Swab of the skin or pus to look under the microscope and culture for bacterial growth.
- Looking down the ear with an otoscope to evaluate the ear canal.
If your dog is diagnosed with a bacterial skin infection, your vet will direct you to keep the affected areas as clean as feasible. In certain dog breeds, it may be necessary to have their hair clipped to allow air to areas to assist in the healing process. In many cases, prescription antibiotics will aid in recovery. Your vet may also suggest topical creams or shampoos.
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