Noncancerous Causes Of Skin Rash
While some cancers can lead to a skin rash, rashes can also be caused by a variety of other much less dangerous sources.
Most rashes are commonly harmless and unlikely to cause permanent damage. If you notice an unexplained rash suddenly appearing on your skin, visit a health care provider for advice and treatment.
Can You Die From Skin Cancer If Youre Diagnosed With Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer. It is classified as a non-melanoma form of the condition, and accounts for about 75 percent of all skin cancer cases. It almost never spreads beyond the original tumor site, but can do serious damage there if not treated. Mohs surgery is considered the most effective treatment technique.
Limiting sun exposure is the single most important measure for prevention of any kind of skin cancer, including BCC. The risk when outside can further by reduced by using sunscreen with an SPF of 30 to 50, wearing pants, long skirts, long-sleeved shirts, and wide-brimmed hats that provide adequate protection.
When To Do If You Have Unexplained Weight Loss
It is generally a good idea to contact your doctor if you have lost 5 percent of your usual weight within six months without any changes to your diet or exercise routine. In the initial investigation, your doctor will try to assess whether any of the symptoms indicate a specific illness.
Questions can include:
- Do consume alcohol and, if so, how much?
- What other symptoms do you have?
It is important to make your doctor aware of any diseases or conditions may have, as well as all medications, prescriptions or otherwise, that you may be taking.
After the initial consultation, you will then likely be given a few routine blood tests, such as a complete blood count and chem 7 panel. Some of the tests, like the erythrocyte sedimentation rate , are able to detect an underlying inflammation indicative of an infection, autoimmune disorder, or even cancer. These sorts of insights provide doctors the means to narrow their search based on what the tests tell them.
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The Factors Of Variation Of Efudex Side Effects
There is no set list of side effects all Efudex users will encounter. The side effects vary depending upon the area you are treating, the length of treatment, and the number of times you are applying daily. The big reason Efudex cant easily be defined in terms of normal stems from the fact that our individual levels of damage differ considerably from one person to the next. I learned this pretty quickly the first two years I treated my chest with Efudex.
My own reactions to the cream were so different from the first year to the third year I would have sworn I wasnt using enough cream or that my tube of cream wasnt potent enough. The first year, the skin between my collar bone and breasts exploded in one intense patch of dry, itchy, redness that tightened and throbbed. The next fall, I treated the same area and noted a significant decrease in redness. The third year yielded a major reaction equal to that of the first year. I was amazed and confused all at once.
I compiled the following list of reported side effects after spending the last three years using the cream myself on my face and chest and sharing and learning along with fellow Efudex users.
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If Youre Getting Radiation Therapy To The Breast
If you have radiation to the breast, it can affect your heart or lungs as well causing other side effects.
Short-term side effects
Radiation to the breast can cause:
- Skin irritation, dryness, and color changes
- Breast soreness
- Breast swelling from fluid build-up
To avoid irritating the skin around the breast, women should try to go without wearing a bra whenever they can. If this isnt possible, wear a soft cotton bra without underwires.
If your shoulders feel stiff, ask your cancer care team about exercises to keep your shoulder moving freely.
Breast soreness, color changes, and fluid build-up will most likely go away a month or 2 after you finish radiation therapy. If fluid build-up continues to be a problem, ask your cancer care team what steps you can take. See Lymphedema for more information.
Long-term changes to the breast
Radiation therapy may cause long-term changes in the breast. Your skin may be slightly darker, and pores may be larger and more noticeable. The skin may be more or less sensitive and feel thicker and firmer than it was before treatment. Sometimes the size of your breast changes it may become larger because of fluid build-up or smaller because of scar tissue. These side effects may last long after treatment.
After about a year, you shouldnt have any new changes. If you do see changes in breast size, shape, appearance, or texture after this time, tell your cancer care team about them right away.
Less common side effects in nearby areas
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What Are Signs And Symptoms
Signs and symptoms are both signals of injury, illness, disease, or that something is not right in the body.
A sign is a signal that can be seen by someone elsemaybe a loved one, or a doctor, nurse, or other health care professional. For example, fever, fast breathing, and abnormal lung sounds heard through a stethoscope may be signs of pneumonia.
A symptom is a signal that is felt or noticed by the person who has it, but may not be easily seen by anyone else. For example, weakness, aching, and feeling short of breath may be symptoms of pneumonia.
Having one sign or symptom may not be enough to figure out whats causing it. For example, a rash in a child could be a sign of a number of things, such as poison ivy, measles, a skin infection, or a food allergy. But if the child has the rash along with other signs and symptoms like a high fever, chills, achiness, and a sore throat, then a doctor can get a better picture of the illness. Sometimes, a patients signs and symptoms still dont give the doctor enough clues to be sure what is causing the illness. Then medical tests, such as x-rays, blood tests, or a biopsy may be needed.
Why Does Cancer Sometimes Cause Weight Loss
Other cancers, such as ovarian cancer, are more likely to cause weight loss when a tumor grows large enough to press on the stomach. This can make you feel full faster.
Other types of cancer can also cause symptoms that make eating difficult, such as:
- lack of appetite
- difficulty chewing or swallowing
Cancer also increases inflammation. Inflammation is part of your bodys immune response to a tumor, which produces pro-inflammatory cytokines and alters your bodys metabolism. This disrupts the hormones that regulate your appetite. It also promotes the breakdown of fat and muscle.
Finally, a growing tumor uses a significant amount of your bodys energy, which may increase your resting energy expenditure . REE is how much energy your body burns at rest.
Not all cancers cause symptoms in their early stages. And those that do often cause vague symptoms that are commonly caused by less serious conditions.
Cancers known to cause unintended weight loss early on will likely also cause other symptoms.
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You Can Find Skin Cancer On Your Body
The best way to find skin cancer is to examine yourself. When checking, you want to look at the spots on your skin. And you want to check everywhere from your scalp to the spaces between your toes and the bottoms of your feet.
If possible, having a partner can be helpful. Your partner can examine hard-to-see areas like your scalp and back.
Getting in the habit of checking your skin will help you notice changes. Checking monthly can be beneficial. If you have had skin cancer, your dermatologist can tell you how often you should check your skin.
People of all ages get skin cancer
Checking your skin can help you find skin cancer early when its highly treatable.
Can Exercise Help Reduce My Risk Of Developing Breast Cancer
Exercise is a big part of a healthy lifestyle. It can also be a useful way to reduce your risk of developing breast cancer in your postmenopausal years. Women often gain weight and body fat during menopause. People with higher amounts of body fat can be at a higher risk of breast cancer. However, by reducing your body fat through exercise, you may be able to lower your risk of developing breast cancer.
The general recommendation for regular exercise is about 150 minutes each week. This would mean that you work out for about 30 minutes, five days each week. However, doubling the amount of weekly exercise to 300 minutes can greatly benefit postmenopausal women. The longer duration of exercise allows for you to burn more fat and improve your heart and lung function.
The type of exercise you do can vary the main goal is get your heart rate up as you exercise. Its recommended that your heart rate is raised about 65 to 75% of your maximum heart rate during exercise. You can figure out your maximum heart rate by subtracting your current age from 220. If you are 65, for example, your maximum heart rate is 155.
Aerobic exercise is a great way to improve your heart and lung function, as well as burn fat. Some aerobic exercises you can try include:
Remember, there are many benefits to working more exercise into your weekly routine. Some benefits of aerobic exercise can include:
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What Are The Symptoms Of Stage 4 Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IV squamous cell carcinoma, like other stage IV cancers, causes fatigue, pain, headache, weight loss, nausea and vomiting, confusion and anemia, reports the American Cancer Society. Stage IV indicates that cancer is spreading to lymph nodes, bones and other organs, says the Cancer Treatment Centers of America.
Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin most frequently occurs in areas exposed to sunlight, but can occur anywhere, says the Mayo Clinic. Initial symptoms include a red nodule, a scaly sore, a newly opened sore, a sore or rough spot in the mouth or a raised spot on a healed scar.
In late stage cancer patients, anemia is common because of the cancer itself and because of the treatments, says the American Cancer Institute. Confusion can occur due to pain, medication or changes in blood chemistry. Cancer, medication, anemia and lower food intake may cause fatigue in cancer patients. Nausea and vomiting during late stage cancer often result from the treatment and usually resolve themselves. Pain is common in advanced stage cancer due to the spread of the cancer, and it is often controlled by cancer treatments. Some cancer patients suffer a loss of appetite that leads to weight loss. Advanced stage cancer can also inhibit the absorption of nutrients from food.
Cancer Findings On Examination
Features on examination may also help determine if cancer is present and if so where it is. This may include the following:
- Features of excessive weight loss.
- Evidence of anaemia – pale skin and pallor inside the lower eyelid.
- Any enlarged lymph nodes such as in the neck or under the armpits. The cancer cells will have a blood supply and toxins will pass into the veins and also the lymph channels. This toxic product can then build up and lead to enlargement of the lymph nodes.
- Raised temperature – some cancers can lead to high fever .
- Enlargement of the liver which is knobbly in nature and may be the result of cancer spreading to the liver .
- Lump of cancer – for example, in the breast in breast cancer or in the abdomen in bowel cancer.
It is important to note that often there may be nonspecific symptoms or even no symptoms. If you are worried, you should see your healthcare physician and discuss your symptoms further.
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Symptoms If Cancer Has Spread To The Lymph Nodes
Lymph nodes are part of a system of tubes and glands in the body that filters body fluids and fights infection.
The most common symptom if cancer has spread to the lymph nodes is that they feel hard or swollen. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck area can make it hard to swallow.
Cancer cells can also stop lymph fluid from draining away. This might lead to swelling in the neck or face due to fluid buildup in that area. The swelling is called lymphoedema.
What Are The Types Of Breast Cancer
The most common types of breast cancer are:
- Infiltrating ductal carcinoma. This cancer starts in the milk ducts of the breast. It then breaks through the wall of the duct and invades the surrounding tissue in the breast. This is the most common form of breast cancer, accounting for 80% of cases.
- Ductal carcinoma in situ is ductal carcinoma in its earliest stage, or precancerous . In situ refers to the fact that the cancer hasn’t spread beyond its point of origin. In this case, the disease is confined to the milk ducts and has not invaded nearby breast tissue. If untreated, ductal carcinoma in situ may become invasive cancer. It is almost always curable.
- Infiltrating lobular carcinoma. This cancer begins in the lobules of the breast where breast milk is produced, but has spread to surrounding tissues in the breast. It accounts for 10 to 15% of breast cancers. This cancer can be more difficult to diagnose with mammograms.
- Lobular carcinoma in situ is a marker for cancer that is only in the lobules of the breast. It isn’t a true cancer, but serves as a marker for the increased risk of developing breast cancer later, possibly in both or either breasts. Thus, it is important for women with lobular carcinoma in situ to have regular clinical breast exams and mammograms.
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Does Breast Cancer Affect Women Of All Races Equally
All women, especially as they age, are at some risk for developing breast cancer. The risks for breast cancer in general arent evenly spread among ethnic groups, and the risk varies among ethnic groups for different types of breast cancer. Breast cancer mortality rates in the United States have declined by 40% since 1989, but disparities persist and are widening between non-Hispanic Black women and non-Hispanic white women.
Statistics show that, overall, non-Hispanic white women have a slightly higher chance of developing breast cancer than women of any other race/ethnicity. The incidence rate for non-Hispanic Black women is almost as high.
Non-Hispanic Black women in the U.S. have a 39% higher risk of dying from breast cancer at any age. They are twice as likely to get triple-negative breast cancer as white women. This type of cancer is especially aggressive and difficult to treat. However, it’s really among women with hormone positive disease where Black women have worse clinical outcomes despite comparable systemic therapy. Non-Hispanic Black women are less likely to receive standard treatments. Additionally, there is increasing data on discontinuation of adjuvant hormonal therapy by those who are poor and underinsured.
In women under the age of 45, breast cancer is found more often in non-Hispanic Black women than in non-Hispanic white women.
What Is The Connection Between Hives And Cancer
There are many causes of hives or, in medical terms, urticaria. Though cancer is by no means a major cause of the condition, there is a connection between some cases of hives and cancer, particularly gastrointestinal, lung, and lymphoma. Hives may be a precursor to cancer, in some cases, and chronic conditions should be checked. They usually co-exist with other symptoms, such as weight loss, night sweats, abdominal pain, and coughing.
Hives are red welts that may be small and localized on the body or large and widespread. They are typically not associated with long-term or serious complications, but instead, they are caused when there is an allergic reaction and the body releases histamine and other chemicals. This is usually in response to certain foods, medications, extreme or sudden changes in temperature, and insect bites, among other factors. The mechanism causing the reaction can be allergic or non-allergic.
The majority of cases of hives are acute, meaning that they last less than six weeks. Most of these are caused by an allergic reaction to a specific substance. Chronic hives, or cases lasting more than six weeks, occur in about 30% of cases. This is when the condition may be a symptom of an underlying disease such as thyroid disease hepatitis viral, fungal or bacterial infections or cancer.
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Red Flag #: Headaches Or Visual Changes
Just like the liver, not everyone will notice symptoms of melanoma spreading to the brain. But when symptoms do show up, its usually in the form of headaches, problems with eyesight, paralysis on one side of the body, or seizures. If someone simply has a headache, that doesnt mean they have advanced stage melanoma, Dr. Yushak says. But if its a headache thats not going away after a week, and you never have headaches, then thats something that definitely needs to be checked out.